Rosa Parks in 1955, with Martin Luther King, Jr. in the background
|Born||Rosa Louise McCauley
February 4, 1913
Tuskegee, Alabama, U.S.
|Died||October 24, 2005
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
|Occupation||Civil rights activist|
|Known for||Montgomery Bus Boycott|
|Home town||Tuskegee, Alabama|
|Spouse||Raymond Parks (1932–1977)|
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African-American civil rights activist. She was called the "Mother of the Modern-Day American civil rights movement" and "the mother of the freedom movement".
Parks is best known for what she did in her home town of Montgomery, Alabama on December 1, 1955. While she sat in a seat at the front of a bus, the bus driver told her to move to the back of the bus so a white passenger could take the seat in the front of the bus. Parks refused to move. She was a member of the local chapter of National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and tired of being treated as a lower class person because of the color of her skin. She was arrested. This led to the Montgomery bus boycott. After that, black people could sit wherever they wanted to on the bus. Her refusal to let others treat her differently was an important symbol in the campaign against racial segregation.
Other websites[change | edit source]
- Academy of Achievement Profile
- Rosa Parks Library and Museum at Troy University
- The Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development
- Civil Rights Icon Rosa Parks Dies - National Public Radio
- Complete audio/video and newspaper archive of the Montgomery Bus Boycott
- Rose Parks Biography
- Rosa Parks Quotes
- Rosa Parks interview and photographs
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