Rosa Parks

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Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks in 1955, with Martin Luther King, Jr. in the background
Born Rosa Louise McCauley
February 4, 1913(1913-02-04)
Tuskegee, Alabama, U.S.
Died October 24, 2005(2005-10-24) (aged 92)
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
Nationality American
Occupation Civil rights activist
Known for Montgomery Bus Boycott
Home town Tuskegee, Alabama
Spouse Raymond Parks (1932–1977)

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African-American civil rights activist. She was called the "Mother of the Modern-Day American civil rights movement" and "the mother of the freedom movement".

Parks is best known for what she did in her home town of Montgomery, Alabama on December 1, 1955. While she sat in a seat at the front of a bus, the bus driver told her to move to the back of the bus so a white passenger could take the seat in the front of the bus. Parks refused to move. She was a member of the local chapter of National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and tired of being treated as a lower class person because of the color of her skin. She was arrested. This led to the Montgomery bus boycott. After that, black people could sit wherever they wanted to on the bus. Her refusal to let others treat her differently was an important symbol in the campaign against racial segregation.

Parks and U.S. President Bill Clinton.

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