Sea of Japan

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Sea of Japan

The Sea of Japan is a sea in the western Pacific Ocean. It is bordered by Korea to the west, Russia to the north and Japan to the east and south.

South Korea calls it the East Sea, while North Korea calls it the East Sea of Korea.[1][2]

Name[change | change source]

The International Hydrographic Organization(IHO) decided to call this area the "Sea of Japan" in 1929.

Since 1992, South Korea has asked the world to use the names "East Sea" or "Sea of Korea" instead of "Sea of Japan". South Korea argues that this sea has been called "East Sea" since early times. It is also a Korean belief that the name "East Sea" was eliminated from maps of the world in the early 20th century while South Korea was under the rule of Japan.

However, Japan says that the name "Sea of Japan" has been used more widely than "East Sea" in Europe and America since before the 18th century. Japan also argues that if there were no Japan, there would be no sea.

Currently, most international maps and documents use the name Sea of Japan only. However, in some cases, the name East Sea is included along with the name Sea of Japan.

References[change | change source]

  1. "S Korea bid to solve sea dispute". BBC News. 2007-01-08. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/6240051.stm. Retrieved 2008-02-17. "South Korea calls it the East Sea"
  2. "Report on the Progress in Consultations on the Naming of the Sea Area between the Korean Peninsula and the Japanese Archipelago". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (South Korea). 2007-08-30. http://www.mofat.go.kr/press/hotissue/eastsea/res/EastSea1.doc. Retrieved 2008-02-17. "the sea area has been consistently called "East Sea" in Korea"

Other websites[change | change source]