South Yorkshire

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South Yorkshire
South Yorkshire within England
Shown within England
Geography
Status Metropolitan county and
ceremonial county
Origin 1 April 1974[1]
(Local Government Act 1972)
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Area
- Total
Ranked 38th
1,552 km2 (599 sq mi)
Admin HQ Barnsley (1974-1986)
ONS code 2C
NUTS 3 UKE3
Demography
Population
- Total (2011)
- Density
Ranked 10th
1,343,600
865 /km2 (2,240 /sq mi)
Ethnicity 95.0% White
2.6% S.Asian
2.4% Black
Politics
No county council
Executive  
Members of Parliament
Metropolitan Boroughs
SouthYorkshireNumbered.png
  1. Sheffield
  2. Rotherham
  3. Doncaster
  4. Barnsley

South Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England, in the north. The county was created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972[2] and in 2001 covered an area of 155,205 hectares.[3]

Divisions and Environs[change | change source]

South Yorkshire is divided into four local government districts; they are the City of Sheffield, the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster, the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley and the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham.[4] The county borders Derbyshire, West Yorkshire, North Yorkshire, East Riding of Yorkshire, Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire.

History[change | change source]

The main settlements of South Yorkshire developed around the industries of mining and steel manufacturing. The main mining industry was coal which was concentrated to the north and east of the county. There were also iron mines in the area. The rivers running off the Pennines to the west of the county supported the steel industry that is concentrated in the city of Sheffield.

South Yorkshire was created as a metropolitan county in 1974, by the Local Government Act 1972, from the southern part of the West Riding of Yorkshire and the former county boroughs of Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham and Sheffield.

Economy[change | change source]

South Yorkshire is one of the least prosperous areas in Western Europe.

Year Regional Gross Value Added[5] Agriculture[6] Industry[7] Services[8]
1995 10,453 67 3,690 6,696
2000 13,187 53 4,181 8,954
2003 15,799 57 4,772 10,971

Towns and villages[change | change source]

Main settlements[change | change source]

The principal settlements of South Yorkshire are:

Urban areas[change | change source]

South Yorkshire is made up of three main urban areas. Dearne Valley is made up of Barnsley and a number of villages and towns. The Sheffield urban area is made up of Sheffield and Rotherham and the Doncaster urban area is Doncaster and surrounding areas.

Dearne Valley[change | change source]

Area Metropolitan borough Population
Barnsley Barnsley 71,599
Conisbrough Doncaster 15,361
Cudworth Barnsley 11,644
Darfield Barnsley 8,066
Darton Barnsley 14,927
Dodworth Barnsley 5,742
Hoyland Nether Barnsley 15,497
Mexborough Doncaster 14,750
Royston Barnsley 9,375
Swinton, South Yorkshire Rotherham 14,643
Wath upon Dearne Rotherham 16,787
Wombwell Barnsley 15,180
Worsbrough Barnsley 9,516
Total population 207,726

Doncaster[change | change source]

Area Metropolitan borough Population
Armthorpe Doncaster 12,630
Bentley Doncaster 33,968
Doncaster Doncaster 67,977
Kirk Sandall Doncaster 13,276
Total population 127,851

Sheffield[change | change source]

Area Metropolitan borough Population
Aughton Rotherham 13,456
Beighton Sheffield 10,676
Chapeltown Sheffield 22,665
Mosborough/Highlane Sheffield 18,585
Rawmarsh Rotherham 18,210
Rotherham Rotherham 117,262
Sheffield Sheffield 439,866
Total population 640,720

Other towns and villages[change | change source]

Area Metropolitan borough Population
Adwick le Street Doncaster 16,142
Anston/Dinnington Rotherham 19,086
Askern Doncaster 5,434
Bawtry Doncaster 3,775
Birdwell Barnsley 2,989
Conisbrough Doncaster 15,361
Dinnington Rotherham 1,572
Finningley Doncaster 4,048
Great Houghton Barnsley 2,216
Grimethorpe Barnsley 1,873
Harthill Rotherham 1,728
Hatfield/Stainforth Doncaster 20,232 (13,890/6,342)
Maltby Rotherham 11,966
Rossington Doncaster 13,255
Norton Doncaster 2,111
Oughtibridge/Wharncliffe Side Sheffield 4,602 (3,227/1,375)
Scholes Rotherham 2,403
Stocksbridge Sheffield 13,316
Thorne/Moorends Doncaster 16,338
Thorpe Hesley Rotherham 4,609
Tickhill Doncaster 5,112
Todwick Rotherham 1,637
Treeton Rotherham 2,514
Thurcroft Rotherham 4,702
Thurnscoe Barnsley 9,122
Wales Rotherham 5,826
Woodsetts Rotherham 1,802

Places of interest[change | change source]

Key
National Trust Owned by the National Trust
English Heritage Owned by English Heritage
Forestry Commission Owned by the Forestry Commission
Country Park A Country Park
Accessible open space An Accessible open space
Museum (free) Museum (free)
Museum Museum (charges entry fee)
Heritage railway Heritage railway
Historic house Historic House

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. "Local Government Finance Statistics England No.16". local.odpm.gov.uk. http://www.local.odpm.gov.uk/finance/stats/lgfs/2005/lgfs16/h/lgfs16/annex_a.html. Retrieved on 21 February 2008.
  2. Arnold-Baker, C., Local Government Act 1972, (1973)
  3. Vision of Britain - South Yorkshire area
  4. Vision of Britain - Components of South Yorkshire
  5. Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  6. includes hunting and forestry
  7. includes energy and construction
  8. includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured