Stanisław Ulam

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Badge of Ulam's identity of Los Alamos.

Stanisław Marcin Ulam (April 13, 1909 – May 13, 1984) was a Polish mathematician who took part in the Manhattan Project and proposed the design of Teller-Ulam of the thermonuclear weapons.

He also invented the nuclear propulsion to pulse and he developed a number of mathematical tools in the theory of numbers, set theory, ergodic theory and algebraic topology. Above all, he is known by being a coauthor (with Nicholas Metropolis) of the Monte Carlo Method.