Walt Disney

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Walt Disney

Walt Disney on January 1, 1954
Born Walter Elias Disney
December 5, 1901(1901-12-05)[1]
Hermosa, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Died December 15, 1966(1966-12-15) (aged 65)
Burbank, California, U.S.
Cause of death Lung cancer
Resting place Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale, California, U.S.
Residence Burbank, California
Nationality American
Education McKinley High School, Chicago Academy of Fine Arts
Occupation Co-founder of The Walt Disney Company, formerly known as Walt Disney Productions
Years active 1920–1966
Home town Chicago, Illinois
Political party Republican
Board member of The Walt Disney Company
Religion Christian (Congregationalist)[2]
Spouse Lillian Bounds (1925–66)
Children Diane Marie Disney
Sharon Mae Disney
Parents Elias Disney
Flora Call Disney
Relatives Ronald William Miller (son-in-law)
Robert Borgfeldt Brown (son-in-law)
Roy Edward Disney (nephew)
Awards 7 Emmy Awards
22 Academy Awards
Cecil B. DeMille Award
Signature

Walter Elias Disney (December 5, 1901 - December 15, 1966) was an American business magnate, animator, cartoonist, producer, screenwriter, entrepreneur, and voice actor. Disney was an important person in the American animation industry and throughout the world. He is regarded as an international icon, and philanthropist. He is well known for his influence and contributions to the field of entertainment during the 20th century. Along with his brother Roy Disney, he was the founder of Walt Disney Productions. The corporation is now known as The Walt Disney Company.[3]

As an extraordinary animator and entrepreneur, Disney was well-known as a film producer and a showman, as well as an innovator in animation and theme park design. He and his staff created some of the world's most well-known fictional characters including Mickey Mouse. He provided the original voice for Mickey Mouse. He received four honorary Academy Awards and won 22 Academy Awards from a total of 59 nominations, including a record four in one year. It gave him more awards and nominations than any other person in history. Disney also won seven Emmy Awards. He gave his name to the Disneyland, and Walt Disney World Resort theme parks in the United States, as well as international resorts like Tokyo Disney Resort, Disneyland Paris, and Hong Kong Disneyland.

He died on December 15, 1966 from lung cancer in Burbank, California. A year later, construction of the Walt Disney World Resort began in Florida. His brother Roy Disney inaugurated the Magic Kingdom in 1971.

Early life[change | change source]

Disney was born on December 5, 1901 at the address of 2156 North Tripp Avenue in Hermosa, Chicago, Illinois. His father Elias Disney had Irish-Canadian ancestry and his mother, Flora Call Disney had German and English ancestry.[4][5] His great-grandfather, Arundel Elias Disney, had emigrated from Gowran, County Kilkenny, Ireland where he was born in 1801. Arundel Disney was a descendant of Robert d'Isigny, a Frenchman who had travelled to England with William the Conqueror in 1066.[6] The d'Isigny name was anglicized as "Disney" and the family settled in a village now known as Norton Disney, south of the city of Lincoln, in the county of Lincolnshire.

Career[change | change source]

Newman Laugh-O-Gram (1921)

Disney's best-known creation is the cartoon character, Mickey Mouse. Disney even provided the voice for Mickey Mouse for many years. Donald Duck is another famous creation. Minnie Mouse and Pluto are also his creations. Disney was once fired from a newspaper company in Kansas City, Missouri because of his lack of creativity.[7]

Walt Disney began as a cartoonist in the 1920s. He created Oswald the Lucky Rabbit but lost ownership of the character due to a contract problem. He then created Mickey Mouse. Walt Disney started the Walt Disney Studios and created the first full length animated movie when he created Snow White and the Seven Dwarves. The movie was a huge success. The money from the movie helped Disney create many more cartoons and movies. He earned 32 academy awards. Disney once refused an offer from Alfred Hitchcock to make a movie at Disney World after Hitchcock filmed Psycho.

In the 1950s Walt Disney created Disneyland in Anaheim, California. Disneyland was the first modern theme park. Disney also bought the land for Walt Disney World Resort in Florida. Disney did not see Walt Disney World finished though because he died before it opened. Both Disneyland and Walt Disney World (and now other Disney theme parks) are famous for their design, level of detail, being very clean, and animatronics.

Death[change | change source]

Disney died of lung cancer and was cremated in 1966.

Urban legend[change | change source]

After Disney's death, many rumors were spreading that Disney's body was not cremated, but it was cryonically frozen, and that his frozen corpse was stored beneath the Pirates of the Caribbean ride at Disneyland.[8]

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References[change | change source]

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