Academy Award

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Academy Award
Awarded for Excellence in movies
Presented by Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Country United States
First awarded May 16, 1929
Official website www.oscars.org

The Academy Awards, commonly known as the Oscars, are the best-known movie awards in the United States. The awards have been given by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences since 1929. The awards ceremony takes place each year in late February or early March in Hollywood, California. Are an electoral race to the trophy to best film in any category.

History[change | change source]

At the end of 1920s, the American film industry was in a crisis. When radio was invented, the people didn't go to the cinema. The owner of the studio got problems. They had to pay the workers for a good salary, but that was impossible at the moment. Many people fought for a good salary and a good working time.

The director of the successful Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer-Studios, Louis B. Mayer met two good friends, because he wanted to speak about the problem.

Oscar statue[change | change source]

Naming[change | change source]

In the first years of the award, the trophy was called Academy Award of Merit. The godfather of the name Oscar isn't clear. It is certain, that the name was used in 1931. It gives four person, who are the godparents. The former board secretary of the academy Margaret Herrick said: "He looks like my uncle Oscar!". Bette Davis said, that he looks like my first husband Harmon "Oscar" Nelson. The film columnist Sidney Skolsky said, that he is the name giver, and the fourth person was Walt Disney.

It is said, that Oscar isn't the offical name of the statue. But the nickname is trademarks-protected

Trophy[change | change source]

The statue is 13 ½ inches and the weight is 8½ pounds.

Categories[change | change source]

Current Awards

Retired Awards

Records[change | change source]

The most successful films[change | change source]

Gone with the Wind from the year 1939 was the successful film for a long time with ten Oscars. Then, in 1960, Ben-Hur got eleven Oscars. In 1998 Titanic also got eleven Oscars, so they was in tie. Six years later, The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King got eleven Oscars.

The five category best picture, best director, best actor, best actress and best Original Screenplay are the most important category and they are called Big Five. It gave only three films, who got this categories: It Happened One Night, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and The Silence of the Lambs.

All About Eve und Titanic had 14 nominations. This is the nomination record.

The most successful filmworkers[change | change source]

Katharine Hepburn (1907–2003) has the most awards as a performer. She got 4 Oscars in the category best actress. Meryl Streep has the most nominations as performers with 17 Oscar nomination. Jack Nicholson, Daniel Day-Lewis and Walter Brennan (1894–1974) have three Academy Awards amongst men. Nicholson has also the nomination record (12 nominations). The person, who has the most Academy Awards is Walt Disney (1901–1966) with 26, including 4 Honorary Oscars and he has 37 nominations. Moreover, he won 4 awards in 1954, so he got the most awards in one year. The woman, who has the most Oscars is the costume designer Edith Head (1897–1981). She has 8 Oscars and 27 nominations. The persons, who has the most Oscars and still living are the composer Alan Menken (8 Oscars) and Dennis Muren with 8 Oscars, including 3 special prices and 15 nominations. The cartoon characters Tom and Jerry are the trick movie stars, who have the most awards.

Other websites[change | change source]