|This article includes a list of references or other websites, but its sources remain unclear because it does not have enough inline citations. (October 2011)|
|Republic of Zairea
République du Zaïre
Repubuliki ya Zaïre
Jamhuri ya Zaïre
"Paix – Justice – Travail" (French)
"Peace – Justice – Work"
Lingala · Kongo
Swahili · Tshiluba
|Government||Mobutist single-party statec
De facto dictatorshipd
|- 1971–1997||Mobutu Sese Seko|
|Historical era||Congo Crisis|
|- Country renamed||27 October 1971|
|- First Congo War||16 May 1997|
|- 1996||2,345,410 km2 (905,568 sq mi)|
|- 1996 est.||46,498,539|
|Density||19.8 /km2 (51.3 /sq mi)|
|a. Renamed from "Democratic Republic of the Congo" (République démocratique du Congo) on 27 October 1971.
b. Changed from "Léopoldville" in 1966.
c. Zaire became a de jure single-party state on December 23, 1970, but had been a de facto single-party state since May 20, 1967, the date on which the MPR (Mouvement Populaire de la Revolution) was established. Zaire formally adopted a multiparty system on April 24, 1990, when Mobutu delivered a speech proclaiming the end of the single-party system. The country adopted multipartyism de jure with the passage of Law No. 90-002 of July 5, 1990, which amended its constitution accordingly.
Zaire, officially the Republic of Zaire (French: République du Zaïre) was the name of a country that is now called the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It used this name from 27 November 1971 to 17 May 1997. The name "Zaire" comes from a Portuguese corruption of the Kongo word nzare, meaning "river".
References[change | change source]
- Constitution de la République du Zaïre, article 5: “Sa devise est : Paix — Justice — Travail”. Source: Journal Officiel de la République du Zaïre (N. 1 du 1er janvier 1983)
- Thomas Turner, "Flying High Above the Toads: Mobutu and Stalemated Democracy", in Political Reform in Francophone Africa (1997), ed. John F. Clark and David E. Gardinier, page 70.
- Kaplan, Irving (ed.). Zaire: A Country Study. Third Edition, First Printing. 1979.
- Sandra W. Meditz and Tim Merrill (eds.). Zaire: A Country Study. Fourth Edition. 1993.
- Complete text of the Zairian constitution after the enactment of Law No. 90-002 of July 5, 1990 concerning the modification of certain provisions of the Constitution