Étienne Lenoir

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Étienne Lenoir (12 January 1822 – 4 August 1900) is French inventor (80 patents) and entrepreneur.[1][2] Lenoir was awarded the Order of the Legion of Honor and received French citizenship.

Biography[change | change source]

Étienne Lenoir was born in Mussy-la-Ville (part of the Belgian Province of Luxembourg). In 1838, he moved to France and in 1870 Lenoir became a resident in Paris.

He was interested in electroplating and made several electrical inventions, including an improved electric telegraph.

On 16 July 1900, Lenoir received an award from the ACF (Automobile Club de France). It was a vermeil plate with the inscription, "In recognition of his great merits as an inventor of the gas engine and builder of the first car in the world."

Étienne Lenoir died in La Varenne-Sainte-Hilaire on 4 August, 1900.[3]

Lenoir engine[change | change source]

In 1859, Lenoir invented the first internal combustion engine now known as the Lenoir engine.[4]

Next year he received a patent for "an air motor expanded by gas combustion" from Conservatoire national des arts et métiers, no. N.43624.

In 1863, he created a car on that engine,[5] in 1866 he designed a motorboat.

In 2 years, 143 engines were sold in Paris, and production of Lenoir Gas Engines had begun.

References[change | change source]

  1. Weeks, Lyman Horace (1904). Automobile Biographies: An Account of the Lives and the Work of Those who Have Been Identified with the Invention and Development of Self-propelled Vehicles on the Common Roads ... Monograph Press.
  2. Taylor, Michael J.H. (1983). Milestones of Flight. ISBN 9780710602589.
  3. Wise, David Burgess, "Lenoir: The Motoring Pioneer" in Ward, Ian, executive editor. The World of Automobiles (London: Orbis Publishing, 1974), p. 1182.
  4. Georgano, G.N. Cars: Early and Vintage 1886–1930 (London: Grange-Universal, 1990), p. 9.
  5. "The Motor Museum in Miniature". www.themotormuseuminminiature.co.uk. Retrieved 2021-04-23.