2008 Mumbai attacks
||The English used in this article or section may not be easy for everybody to understand. (June 2012)|
|The Mumbai attacks of November 2008|
Locations of some of the attacks
|Date||26 November 2008
Shortly before 10pm local time (IST, UTC +5:30)
|Bombings, shootings, hostages|
|Weapons||RDX, AK-47s,and grenades|
|Controversial; unknown group Deccan Mujahideen has claimed responsibility.|
Reasons for the Attacks[change | change source]
Pakistan's people are mostly Muslim, while India's people are mostly Hindu. These two religions, Islam and Hinduism, have different ideas about many things. In the past, there was a lot of conflict between India and Pakistan, partly about religion and partly about many other things.
More recently, the relationship between India and Pakistan has gotten better. Some terrorist groups in India, like Deccan Mujahideen, did not like this. They reacted by using terrorism.
What Was Attacked, and How?[change | change source]
|Location||Type of attack|
|Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus railway station||Shootings; grenades.|
|South Mumbai Police Headquarters||Shootings.|
|Leopold Café, Colaba||Shootings.|
|Taj Mahal Palace & Tower hotel||Shootings; six explosions; a fire was set on the top floor, and hostages were taken. The explosive material RDX was found nearby.|
|Oberoi Trident hotel||Shootings; explosions; fire; hostages were taken.|
|Mazagaon docks||Explosion; a boat with military weapons on it was stolen.|
|Cama Hospital||Shootings; hostages were taken.|
|Mumbai Chabad House (Nariman House)||Siege; shootings; hostages were taken.|
|Vile Parle suburb, North Mumbai||Car bomb.|
|Girgaum Chowpatty||Two terrorists were shot.|
|Tardeo||Two terrorists were arrested.[source?]|
|Metro movie theater||Terrorists hijacked (took over) a police Jeep and shot people from it.|
Who Did the Attacks?[change | change source]
Around fifty to sixty terrorists took part in the attacks. They looked young, around their early twenties, and wore T-shirts, black shirts, and jeans. The Guardian has said that they seemed "cool and composed" (calm) and "in no hurry". Police officers who rescued hostages at the Chabad House were surprised that the terrorists looked like they were "white" - like they were not Indian, or were from northern India.
After the attacks, a group that called itself Deccan Mujahideen sent emails to news organizations, saying they had done the attacks. The New York Times has said that international security experts had never heard of the Deccan Mujahideen group. One expert thought that some other terrorist group was using "Deccan Mujahideen" as a fake name. In September of 2008, the Indian Mujahideen had warned that they would be making terrorist attacks soon. Their message said that "you are already on our hit-list and this time very, very seriously."
One witness said that the gunmen were looking for people with American and British passports to kill. This witness said that the terrorists left other people, like a man who said he was Italian, alone.
References[change | change source]
- "Commandos tackle besieged Mumbai hotels". 27 November 2008. http://edition.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/asiapcf/11/27/india.attacks/index.html. Retrieved 27 November 2008.
- India terrorist attacks leave at least 78 dead in Mumbai
- "Terror attacks in Mumbai; six foreigners among 101 dead". Times of India. 27 November 2008. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Terrorists_strike_Mumbai_80_dead_many_hurt/articleshow/3761410.cms. Retrieved 27 November 2008.
- "At least 104 dead in Mumbai; 7 people escorted from hotel". 27 November 2008. https://www.usatoday.com/news/world/2008-11-26-india-shooting_N.htm?csp=34. Retrieved 27 November 2008.
- "Scores killed in Mumbai rampage". CNN.com. 26 November 2008. http://www.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/asiapcf/11/26/india.attacks/index.html. Retrieved 26 November 2008.
- Note figures have since been updated from this report of 27 November which had 80 dead and 900 injured: "Terror attacks in Mumbai; 80 dead, over 900 injured". Times of India. November 27, 2008. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Terrorists_strike_Mumbai_80_dead_many_hurt/articleshow/3761410.cms. Retrieved 2008-11-26.
- AFP (agency) (1 December 2008). "Mumbai death toll revised down". Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/news/world/mumbai-death-toll-revised-down/2008/12/01/1227979875093.html.
- "Indian Mujahideen threatens to target Mumbai". India Today. http://indiatoday.digitaltoday.in/index.php?option=com_content&issueid=71&task=view&id=15328§ionid=4&Itemid=1.
- "Mumbai attacks reveal deep-rooted conflicts in India". news. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2008-11/30/content_10436383.htm. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
- Multiple attacks kill and wound scores in Mumbai. Retrieved on November 27, 2008.
- Scores killed in Mumbai attacks
- Mumbai terror kills 65
- Encounter on at Nariman House in South Mumbai
- TERROR TAKES OVER MUMBAI. The Statesman.
- Mumbai Hit: Two terrorists shot dead
- "India under attack". The Economist. http://www.economist.com/world/asia/displaystory.cfm?story_id=12708194. Retrieved November 27, 2008.
- "Is al-Qaida behind the Mumbai terror attacks?". Haaretz. 2008-11-27. http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1041684.html. Retrieved 2008-11-27.
- Cowell, Alan; Souad Mekhennet (2007-11-27). "Sophisticated attacks, but by whom?". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/28/world/asia/28group.html?_r=2&hp=&pagewanted=all. Retrieved 2008-11-27.
- Mumbai attackers looked for foreign passport holders
- Who could be behind the Mumbai attacks? Reported 27 November 2008. Retrieved 28 November 2008.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikinews has news related to this article: Grenade and machine gun attacks in Mumbai, India|