336 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 5th century BC4th century BC3rd century BC
Decades: 360s BC  350s BC  340s BC  – 330s BC –  320s BC  310s BC  300s BC
Years: 339 BC 338 BC 337 BC336 BC335 BC 334 BC 333 BC
336 BC by topic
State leadersSovereign states
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
336 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 336 BC
Ab urbe condita 418
Armenian calendar N/A
Assyrian calendar 4415
Bahá'í calendar -2179–-2178
Bengali calendar -928
Berber calendar 615
English Regnal year N/A
Buddhist calendar 209
Burmese calendar -973
Byzantine calendar 5173–5174
Chinese calendar 甲申
— to —
Coptic calendar -619–-618
Ethiopian calendar -343–-342
Hebrew calendar 3425–3426
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat -279–-278
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2766–2767
Holocene calendar 9665
Iranian calendar 957 BP – 956 BP
Islamic calendar 986 BH – 985 BH
Japanese calendar
Korean calendar 1998
Minguo calendar 2247 before ROC
Thai solar calendar 208

Year 336 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.

Events[change | change source]

By place[change | change source]

Persian Empire[change | change source]

  • The young king of Persia, Arses, objects to being controlled by Bagoas and attempts to poison him. Instead, Arses and all his children are killed by Bagoas.
  • Bagoas then seeks to install a new monarch who will be easier to control. He chooses Codomannus, a distant relative of the royal house, who takes the name Darius III. When Darius tries to assert his independence from Bagoas' control, Bagoas attempts to poison him. The king is warned and makes Bagoas drink the poison himself.

Greece[change | change source]

  • Following Philip II of Macedon's marriage to Eurydice, Alexander and his mother, Olympias, flee to Epirus, with Alexander later moving to Illyria. However, shortly afterward, father and son are reconciled and Alexander returns.
  • Macedonian troops, commanded by Parmenion, trusted lieutenant of Philip II, arrive in Asia Minor. They are driven back by Persian forces under the command of the Greek mercenary Memnon of Rhodes.
  • At a grand celebration of his daughter Cleopatra's marriage to Alexander I of Epirus (brother of Olympias), Philip II is assassinated at Aegae by Pausanias of Orestis, a young Macedonian noble with a bitter grievance against the young queen's uncle Attalus and against Philip for denying him justice. Pausanias is killed on the spot.
  • Philip II of Macedon is succeeded by his son Alexander III. One of the leading generals in Macedonia at the death of Philip II, Antipater, helps to secure the succession to the Macedonian throne for Alexander.
  • The Macedonian general Parmenion declares for Alexander III. He helps to murder the princes of the Lynkestis region, who are alleged to be behind Philip's murder, along with other possible rivals and members of factions opposed to Alexander. Olympias, Alexander's mother, has Philip's last wife Eurydice, her infant daughter and her influential uncle, Attalus, killed.
  • Alexander immediately has Amyntas IV, son of King Perdiccas III and cousin of Alexander, executed.
  • Alexander puts down a rebellion in Macedonia and crushes the rebellious Illyrians. He then appears at the gates of Thebes and receives the city's submission. After that he advances to the Corinthian isthmus and is elected by the assembled Greeks as their commander against Persia.
  • Conscription is introduced in Athens. Young men are required to perform duties which are part military and part civic.
  • Aeschines brings a suit against Ctesiphon for illegally proposing the award of a crown to the Athenian leader Demosthenes in recognition of his services to Athens.

Deaths[change | change source]

for more information, see Category:336 BC deaths.