|Abu Nidal (أبو نضال)|
|Born||Sabri Khalil al-Banna (صبري خليل البنا)
Jaffa, Mandatory Palestine
|Died||16 August 2002 (age 65)
|Resting place||al-Karakh's Islamic cemetery, Baghdad, in a grave marked "M7"|
|Alma mater||Cairo University|
|Political party||Fatah – The Revolutionary Council (فتح المجلس الثوري)
known as the Abu Nidal Organization, part of the Palestinian rejectionist front
|Children||One son, two daughters|
|Parent(s)||Hajj Khalil al-Banna (father)|
Abu Nidal (Arabic: أبو نضال) (May 1937 – 16 August 2002), born Sabri Khalil al-Banna (Arabic: صبري خليل البنا), was the founder of Fatah – The Revolutionary Council (Arabic: فتح المجلس الثوري), a militant Palestinian separatist group also known as the Abu Nidal Organization (ANO). At the height of his power in the 1970s and 1980s, Abu Nidal was mostly known as the most merciless of the Palestinian political leaders. He told Der Spiegel in a rare interview in 1985: "I am the evil spirit which moves around only at night causing ... nightmares."
References[change | change source]
- Melman 1986, p. 213. The Guardian said that he was born in 1939; The Times said 1940; the Truman Institute of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem gave his birth year as 1934. Issam Sartawi told Yossi Melman it was 1936. Melman says it was 1937.
- There is also disagreement about his name. The Daily Telegraph has written that he was Hasan Sabri al-Banna; the Middle East International has said he was Muhammad Sabri al-Banna. Stewart Steven says in his writing about the Mossad, that he was Sabri Khalil al-Banna or Mazan Sabri al-Banna. The name Khalil comes from his father; it is an Arab tradition that the father's name be added to the son's name. Al-Banna means "the mason" (Melman 1986, pp. 44–45). He was also known as Amin al-Sirr and Sabri Khalil Abd Al Qadir.
- See, for example:
- MacAskill, Ewen and Nelsson, Richard. "Mystery death of Abu Nidal, once the world's most wanted terrorist", The Guardian, 20 August 2002.
- Melman, Yossi. The Master Terrorist: The True Story Behind Abu Nidal, Mama Books, 1986, p. 4.
- McLaughlin, Abraham. "A matter of ethics for cloak-and-dagger set", The Christian Science Monitor, 5 October 2001.
- "Abu Nidal Organization", Council on Foreign Relations, October 2005.
- "Council Decision" at the Internet Archive, Council of the European Union, 21 December 2005.
- Melman 1986, p. 3.