Afsharid dynasty

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Afsharid dynasty
دودمان افشار
1736–1803
Flag of Afsharids
Flag
Coat of arms of Afsharids
Coat of arms
Afsharids
Afsharids
CapitalMashhad
Common languagesPersian
GovernmentMonarchy
Shah 
History 
• Afsharid dynasty begins
1736
• Afsharid dynasty ends
1803
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Safavid dynasty
Hotaki dynasty
Zand dynasty
Durrani dynasty

The Afsharid dynasty (Persian: افشاریان‎) was an Iranian dynasty that originated from the Afshar Turkoman tribe [1][2] in Iran's north-eastern province of Khorasan, ruling Iran (Persia) in the mid-eighteenth century. The dynasty was founded in 1736 by the brilliant military commander Nader Shah, who deposed the last member of the Safavid dynasty and proclaimed himself as the Shah of Iran.

At its height it controlled modern-day Iran, Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan Republic, parts of the North Caucasus (Dagestan), Afghanistan, Bahrain, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Pakistan, and parts of Iraq, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Oman. After his death, most of his empire was divided between the Zands, Durranis, Georgians, and the Caucasian khanates, while Afsharid rule was confined to a small local state in Khorasan. Finally, the Afsharid dynasty was overthrown by Mohammad Khan Qajar in 1796, who would establish a new native Iranian empire and restore Iranian suzerainty over several of the aforementioned regions.

The dynasty was named after the Turcoman Afshar tribe from Khorasan in north-east Iran, to which Nader belonged. The Afshars had originally migrated from Turkestan to Azerbaijan (Iranian Azerbaijan) in the 13th century. In the early 17th century, Shah Abbas the Great moved many Afshars from Azerbaijan to Khorasan to defend the north-eastern borders of his state against the Uzbeks, after which the Afshars settled in those regions. Nader belonged to the Qereqlu branch of the Afshars.

References[change | change source]

  1. Foundation, Encyclopaedia Iranica. "Welcome to Encyclopaedia Iranica". iranicaonline.org. Retrieved 2021-04-28.
  2. Esposito, John L. EspositoJohn L. (2003-01-01). Esposito, John L. (ed.). The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acref/9780195125580.001.0001/acref-9780195125580-e-60. ISBN 978-0-19-512558-0.

Other websites[change | change source]