Qajar dynasty

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The Qajar dynasty (Persian: سلسله قاجار), was an Iranian dynasty[Note 1] that originated from the Turkmen[2] Qajar tribe. It ruled Iran from 1789 to 1925.

Sublime State of Iran
دولت علیّه ایران
1789–1925
Flag of
Flag
(1907–1925)
Imperial Coat of Arms (1907–1925) of
Imperial Coat of Arms
(1907–1925)
Anthem: (1873–1909)
Salâm-e Shâh
(Royal salute)

(1909–1925)
Salâmati-ye Dowlat-e 'Aliyye-ye Irân
(Salute of the Sublime State of Iran)
Map of Sublime State of Iran in the 19th century.
Map of Sublime State of Iran in the 19th century.
CapitalAstarabad (1779–1789)
Tehran (1789–1925)
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy
Shah 
• 1789–1797 (first)
Mohammad Khan Qajar
• 1909–1925 (last)
Ahmad Shah Qajar
History 
• Established
1789
• Disestablished
1925
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Afsharid dynasty
Zand dynasty
Pahlavi dynasty

Qajar Shahs of Iran[change | change source]

Name Portrait Title Reign years
1 Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar MohammadKhanQajari.jpg Shah,
Khan
1789–1797
2 Fath-Ali Shah Qajar Portrait of Fath Ali Shah Standing.jpg Shahanshah,
Khaqan
1797–1834
3 Mohammad Shah Qajar Mohammadshah (01).jpg Shahanshah,
Ghazi,
Khaqan son of Khaqan
1834–1848
4 Naser al-Din Shah Qajar Nāser al-Dīn Schah.jpg Shah,
Zell'ollah,
Qebleh-ye 'ālam,
Islampanah
1848–1896
5 Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar Mozaffar-ed-Din Shah Qajar - 1.jpg Shahanshah,
Sultan
1896–1907
6 Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar Mohammad Ali Shah.jpg Shah 1907– 1909
7 Ahmad Shah Qajar AhmadShahQajar2.jpg Shah 1909–1925

References[change | change source]

  1. Amanat 1997, p. 2: "In the 126 years between the fall of the Safavid state in 1722 and the accession of Nasir al-Din Shah, the Qajars evolved from a shepherd-warrior tribe with strongholds in northern Iran into a Persian dynasty with all the trappings of a Perso-Islamic monarchy."
  2. Yarshater 2004, p. 238–241.

Sources[change | change source]

  • Amanat, Abbas (1997). Pivot of the Universe: Nasir Al-Din Shah Qajar and the Iranian Monarchy, 1831-1896. University of California Press. pp. 2. ISBN 978-0-520-08321-9. In the 126 years between the fall of the Safavid state in 1722 and the accession of Nasir al-Din Shah, the Qajars evolved from a shepherd-warrior tribe with strongholds in northern Iran into a Persian dynasty with all the trappings of a Perso-Islamic monarchy.
  • Yarshater, Ehsan (2004). "IRAN ii. IRANIAN HISTORY (2) Islamic period". Encyclopædia Iranica. Vol. XIII, Fasc. 3. p. 238–241. The Qajar were a Turkmen tribe who first settled during the Mongol period in the vicinity of Armenia and were among the seven Qezelbāš tribes that supported the Safavids.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Qajars evolved from a shepherd-warrior tribe with strongholds in northern Iran into a Persian dynasty with all the trappings of a Perso-Islamic monarchy.[1]