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Manchester of the East
Coordinates: 23°01′19″N 72°34′47″E / 23.0219°N 72.5797°E / 23.0219; 72.5797
Country India
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • Body
  • Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation
  • Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority
 • Total8,087 km2 (3,122 sq mi)
 • Total7,486,573

Ahmedabad is the largest city in the Gujarat state, in Western India. The city is the administrative centre of Ahmedabad district, and was the capital of Gujarat from 1960 to 1970.[1] The city is located on the banks of the Sabarmati River,[2] and it shares proximity with the Gandhinagar, the newly built state capital.

The city's area is approximately 8,087 sq.k.m and it's total population of District is 7,486,573 (2014).[3]

History[change | change source]

The city was founded by Sultan Ahmed Shah in 1411 A.D.[4] But, the area around the city has been inhabited since the 11th century when it was known as Ashaval.[5] The city was built on an elevated plain known as Bhadra on the eastern bank of Sabarmati River.

In 1487, the city was fortified with an outer wall 10 km (6.2 mi) in circumference by Mahmud Begada, the grandson of Sultan. The fortification consisted of twelve gates, 189 bastions and over 6,000 battlements.[6]

In 1573, the city was annexed by the Mughal Empire.[7] But, in the year 1758, Mughals surrendered the city to Marathas after the brief joint-rule from 1739 to 1744.[5]

Governance[change | change source]

Since July 1950, the city is governed by Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) in urban area and Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority (AUDA) in suburbs area. Both, provides a number of urban services such as water supply, roads construction, sanitation, primary education, city transport etc.[8] In totality, the administration of the city is divided into 14 talukas which includes 556 villages, 1 corporation, 1 cantonment area, and 7 municipalities.[3]

Economy[change | change source]

For a long time, the city has been known for its textile mills and have been dubbed as "Manchester of the East".[9] In 1861, the first textile mill was opened and gradually, the whole sector grew through city's own traditional culture and passion for entrepreneurship.[10] Besides textile, Ahmedabad is also known for being automotive[11] and pharmaceutical manufacturing hub.[12]

Transportation[change | change source]

Railway[change | change source]

The city is connected with pan-India railway network. It has three stations - Kalupur Station, Maninagar Station and Sabarmati Station. The Kalupur station is in the center of the city which will be convergence point for Ahmedabad Metro, Ahmedabad BRTS, and upcoming high-speed rail system.[13]

Roads[change | change source]

The city is well connected to the major cities in the state and the country through several national and state highways.

Air[change | change source]

The city is served by Sardar Vallabbhai Patel International Airport.[14] The airport is located 9 km from city center and also caters the state capital Gandhinagar. It was started in the year 1937 with the inaugural flight Bombay-Ahmedabad-Karachi, piloted by J. R. D. Tata.[15]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Incredible India | Gujarat". www.incredibleindia.org. Archived from the original on 2019-08-24. Retrieved 2019-08-24.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "About Ahmedabad | About Us | Collectorate - District Ahmedabad". ahmedabad.gujarat.gov.in. Archived from the original on 2019-08-24. Retrieved 2019-08-24.
  4. Samaddar, Ranabir (2016-05-26). Neo-Liberal Strategies of Governing India. Routledge. p. 279. ISBN 9781317199694.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Bloom, Jonathan; Blair, Sheila S.; Blair, Sheila (2009-05-14). Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art & Architecture: Three-Volume Set. OUP USA. p. 37. ISBN 9780195309911.
  6. Kuppuram, G. (1988). India through the ages: history, art, culture, and religion. Sundeep Prakashan. ISBN 9788185067094.
  7. "See Stunning Architecture in India's First World Heritage City". Travel. 2018-04-25. Retrieved 2019-08-24.
  8. "Chapter 1, Introduction to Road Transport and Ahmedabad Municipal Transport Service" (PDF). Sodhganga, INFLIBNET. Retrieved August 25, 2019.
  9. Perry, Victoria (2015). Forty Ways To Think About Architecture. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. pp. 249–253. doi:10.1002/9781118822531.ch38. ISBN 9781118822531.
  10. Spodek, Howard (1969). "Traditional Culture and Entrepreneurship: A Case Study of Ahmedabad". Economic and Political Weekly. 4 (8): M27–M31. ISSN 0012-9976. JSTOR 40737346.
  11. Piyush Mishra (January 31, 2016). "Rise of an Auto hub | Ahmedabad News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2019-08-24.
  12. Dutta, Vishal (2013-04-30). "Gujarat's contribution surged in pharma, to become global hub: ASSOCHAM". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2019-08-24.
  13. Himanshu Kaushik (August 27, 2018). "World Heritage Site: Next stop for heritage makeover is Kalupur railway station | Ahmedabad News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2019-08-24.
  14. "Sardar Vallabbhai Patel International Airport, AAI". Airport Authority of India. Archived from the original on 2019-12-14. Retrieved 2019-08-24.
  15. Dutta, Manu Balachandran and Saptarishi (9 January 2015). "A short history of Tata's long tryst with Indian aviation". Quartz India. Retrieved 2019-08-24.

Other websites[change | change source]