Alikhan Bukeikhanov

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Alikhan Bukeikhanov
Әлихан Бөкейхан
Prime Minister of Alash Autonomy
In office
13 December 1917 – 5 March 1920
Personal details
Born(1866-03-05)5 March 1866
Tokraunskaya Volost, Russian Empire
Died27 September 1937(1937-09-27) (aged 71)
Moscow, Soviet Union
Political partyConstitutional Democratic (1906–1917)
Alash (1917–1920)
CPSU (1920–1926)
Spouse(s)Yelena Sevostyanova
Alma materOmsk Technical School
Saint Petersburg Forestry Institute
  • Politician
  • writer
  • environmental scientist

Alikhan Nurmukhameduly Bukeikhanov (Kazakh: Әлихан Нұрмұхамедұлы Бөкейхан; 5 March 1866 – 27 September 1937), was a Kazakh politician. He was Prime Minister of Alash Autonomy from 1917 to 1920.[1]

He died in 1937 from execution by firing squad.

Early life[change | change source]

Bukeikhanov was born on 5 March 1866, in Tokyrauyn Volost, Russian Empire. His father, Nurmuhammed Bukeikhanov and his great-grandfather, Barak Sultan, were a khan of the Orta zhuz.[2] He was graduated from the Saint Petersburg Forestry Institute and Omsk Technical School, in 1890.

Political life[change | change source]

Baitursynov, Bukeikhanov and Dulatuli in 1913

In 1905, Bukeikhanov got involved in politics by joining Constitutional Democratic party. He tried to start a Kazakh Democratic party in 1905, but failed and got arrested. He became part of a government group in 1906 and protested against the government's actions. He got arrested again in 1908 and was sent away until 1917.

A few months later, they made a new political party called the Alash Autonomy. In 1920, while the Soviet government established, Bukeikhanov joined the Bolshevik party.

Later life and execution[change | change source]

In 1926, Bukeikhanov was arrested of working against the government and was put in the Butyrka prison in Moscow and released in 1930. He was arrested in 1937 and got executed by firing squad.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Памятник лидерам Алаш Орды установили в Нур-Султане". (in Russian). Retrieved 28 August 2023.
  2. "Childhood and boyhood of the future leader of the nation: Alikhan was born different" (PDF). Retrieved 28 August 2023.