Avon River (Gippsland, Victoria)

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Coordinates: 38°2′57″S 147°16′7″E / 38.04917°S 147.26861°E / -38.04917; 147.26861
Avon (Dooyeedang,[1][2]
VM 0256 Stratford - Avon River.jpg
On the Avon River near Stratford.
Name origin: First called the Avoca; named the Avon by Angus McMillan[5][6][7]
Country Australia
State Victoria
Regions South East Corner (IBRA), South East Coastal Plain (IBRA), West Gippsland
Local government area Wellington
Part of West Gippsland catchment
 - left Turton River, Valencia Creek, Freestone Creek, Blackall Creek, Perry River
 - right Mount Hump Creek, McColl Creek, Ben Cruachan Creek, Navigation Creek, Nuntin Creek
Landmarks Avon Wilderness Park, Gippsland Lakes
Source Mount Wellington, Great Dividing Range
 - location Miller Spur, Avon Wilderness Park
 - elevation 664 m (2,178 ft)
 - coordinates 37°30′38″S 146°51′44″E / 37.51056°S 146.86222°E / -37.51056; 146.86222
Mouth Lake Wellington
 - location east of Sale; southeast of Stratford
 - elevation m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 38°2′57″S 147°16′7″E / 38.04917°S 147.26861°E / -38.04917; 147.26861
Length 122 km (76 mi)
National park Avon Wilderness Park
Wikimedia Commons: Avon River (Gippsland, Victoria)

The Avon River is a perennial river in the West Gippsland area of Victoria, Australia. When rain falls on the south eastern slopes of the Great Dividing Range, the water flows down the river to form the Gippsland Lakes.

Location and features[change | change source]

The Avon River begins on the south eastern slopes of Mount Wellington, part of the Great Dividing Range.[9] The river meanders to the south, then east, then south by southeast, before reaching its mouth to form Lake Wellington. The Avon has ten tributaries including the Turton River and the Perry River. The Latrobe River also flows into Lake Wellington. This lake empties into Bass Strait through the Mitchell River south of Lakes Entrance. The Avon River drops 664 metres (2,178 ft) over its 122-kilometre (76 mi) course.[8]

The upper parts of the river are inside the rugged, forested and largely inaccessible Avon Wilderness Park. The river then passes through hills covered in forest, and then through cleared farm land. Around Stratford the river is up to 500 metres (1,600 ft) across, flowing through sand and pebble banks. Along the edge of the river is the Macallister Irrigation District. The water from this irrigation area flows into the river along Nuntin Creek which joins 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) downstream of Stratford.

The Avon does not have any large dams, and its water is mostly unused. Nearby, the Latrobe and Thomson Rivers supply Melbourne's drinking water, Australia's largest pulp and paper mill, the power industry in the Latrobe Valley, and irrigation,

The Avon River was important to the indigenous Gunai/Kurnai people. At Knob Reserve, 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) south of Stratford, is the Gunai/Kurnai Bataluk Cultural Trail. This trail follows the paths used by the indigenous people of East Gippsland for 30,000 years.[10]

Names[change | change source]

In the Australian Aboriginal Brataualung language the river has two names, the first, Dooyeedang, has no known meaning.[1][2] The second name, Kutbuntaura-wurk, means "fire carriers" and wurk, meaning "land" or "country".[3]

The river was named the Avoca River by the explorer Thomas Mitchell. It was named the Avon by Angus McMillan in about 1840.[5][6]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Avon River: 9616: Traditional Name: Dooyeedang". Vicnames. Government of Victoria. 12 May 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Avon River: 9616: Traditional Name: Dooyeedang". Vicnames. Government of Victoria. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Avon River: 9616: Traditional Name: Kutbuntaura-wurk". Vicnames. Government of Victoria. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Avon River: 9616". Vicnames. Government of Victoria. 2 May 1966. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Reed, A. W. (1973). Place names of Australia. Frenchs Forest: Reed Books. p. 19. ISBN 0-589-50128-3.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Blake, Les (1977). Place names of Victoria. Adelaide: Rigby. p. 294. ISBN 0-7270-0250-3., cited in Bird (2006)
  7. Bird, Eric (12 October 2006). "Place Names on the Coast of Victoria". The Australian National Placename Survey (ANPS). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 February 2011.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Map of Avon River, VIC". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  9. "Alpine National Park: Our Mountain Heritage - around Heyfield, Licola and Dargo in the Wonnangatta - Moroka area" (PDF). Parks Victoria. Government of Victoria. August 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  10. "Explore the Bataluk Cultural Trail". Retrieved 20 February 2016.