Ayub Khan

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Ayub Khan
ایوب خان
Muhammed Ayub Khan 1940-41.jpg
Muhammed Ayub Khan
2nd President of Pakistan
In office
27 October 1958 – 25 March 1969
Prime MinisterNone
Preceded byIskander Mirza
Succeeded byYahya Khan
Minister of Defence
In office
28 October 1958 – 21 October 1966
Preceded byAyub Khuhro
Succeeded byVice-Admiral Afzal Rahman Khan
In office
24 October 1954 – 11 August 1955
Prime MinisterKhawaja Nazimuddin
Muhammad Ali Bogra
Preceded byMuhammad Ali Bogra
Succeeded byChaudhry Muhammad Ali
Minister of the Interior
In office
23 March 1965 – 17 August 1965
Preceded byK. Habibullah Khan
Succeeded byAli Akbar Khan
Commander in Chief of Pakistan Army
In office
16 January 1951 – 27 October 1958
Preceded byGeneral Douglas Gracey
Succeeded byGeneral Muhammad Musa Khan Hazara
President of Pakistan Muslim League
In office
1962–1969
Preceded byI. I. Chundrigar
Succeeded byNurul Amin
Personal details
BornMuhammad Ayub Khan
(1907-05-14)14 May 1907
Haripur District (now in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan)
Died19 April 1974(1974-04-19) (aged 66)
Islamabad, Pakistan
CitizenshipBritish Indian Empire
 Pakistan
Alma materRoyal Military College, Sandhurst
Military service
Service/branch British Indian Army
 Pakistan Army
Years of service1928–1958
RankOF-10 Pakistan Army.svg US-O11 insignia.svg Field Marshal
Ayub Khan

General Muhammad Ayub Khan (14 May 1907 – 19 April 1974) was a general of the Pakistan Army and a self-proclaimed Field Marshal during the mid-1960s. A dictator who imposed martial law he also became the President of Pakistan from 1958 to 1969. He became Pakistan's first native Commander-in-Chief in 1951. He was the youngest full-rank general and self-appointed Field Marshal in Pakistan's military history.

Khan became president in 1958 as part of a non-violent coup. In the 1965 presidential election, people thought that Khan had cheated so he could win against Fatimah Jinnah.

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