Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan
|3rd President of Pakistan|
25 March 1969 – 20 December 1971
|Prime Minister||Nurul Amin (1971)|
|Preceded by||Ayub Khan|
|Succeeded by||Zulfikar Ali Bhutto|
|Commander in Chief (Pakistan Army)|
18 June 1966 – 20 December 1971
|Deputy||Abdul Hamid Khan|
|Preceded by||Muhammad Musa Khan Hazara|
|Succeeded by||Gul Hassan|
|Born||4 February 1917|
Chakwal, Punjab, British India
(now in Punjab, Pakistan)
|Died||10 August 1980 (aged 63)|
Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan
|Nationality||British Indian (1917–1947)|
|Relations||Mistress 'Akleem Akhtar' or 'General Rani'|
Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan (February 4, 1917 – August 10, 1980) was the final President of United Pakistan from 1969 to 1971, following the resignation of Ayub Khan. He has one son, Ali Yahya and one daughter, Yasmeen Khan.[source?]
Yahya served in World War II and escaped from a Prisoner of War camp in Italy on his 3rd attempt, returned to independent Pakistan and fought for Pakistan in 1965.
General Yahya became the Military Dictator of Pakistan in 1969, he was in charge of hosting free and fair general elections. The winner of the election was an East Pakistani Politician by the name of Mujibur Rahman, whose support was in East Pakistan, while the second biggest party headed by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto had its support in West Pakistan. Zulfiqar pressured Yahya to not hand power. The unwillingness of handing over power and general frustration culminated in the March 25th Massacre or Operation Searchlight ordered by Yahya Khan, marking the beginning the Bangladesh Liberation war. 9 months later Pakistan's rival India joined the war with simultaneously resulted in an Indo-Pakistani war occurring during its own Civil War. The war ended with the Surrender of East Pakistani Forces and a ceasefire in West Pakistan.
Following the war, Yahya Khan handed over the Presidency to Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, he was under house arrest till 1979. He lived a quiet life in Rawalpindi and eventually passed away in 1980.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Official profile at Pakistan Army website Archived 2013-05-23 at the Wayback Machine