Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
ذوالفقار علی بھٹو
|President of Pakistan|
December 20, 1971 – August 13, 1973
|Preceded by||Yahya Khan|
|Succeeded by||Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry|
|Prime Minister of Pakistan|
August 14, 1973 – July 5, 1977
|Preceded by||Nurul Amin|
|Succeeded by||Muhammad Khan Junejo|
|Born||January 5, 1928|
Larkana, British Raj
|Died||April 4, 1979 (aged 51)|
|Cause of death||Executed|
|Political party||Pakistan Peoples Party|
|Spouse(s)||Nusrat Bhutto (m. 1951-1979, his death)|
|Children||Benazir Bhutto (dead)|
Murtaza Bhutto (dead)
Shahnawaz Bhutto (dead)
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto (Urdu: ذوالفقار علی بھٹو, Sindhi: ذوالفقار علي ڀُٽو; January 5, 1928 – April 4, 1979) was a Pakistani politician. He was the President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973. He was Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977. He was the founder of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP), the largest and most influential political party in Pakistan.
He was educated at the University of California, Berkeley in the United States and Oxford University in the United Kingdom. Bhutto was executed by hanging in 1979 for ordering the murder of a political opponent. His execution was ordered by General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Bhutto's supporters give him the honorific title Shaheed, the Urdu word for martyr. His name then becomes Shaheed-e-Azam Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto ("The Great Martyr") or sometimes Quaid-e-Awam (The Leader the Community).
He was married to Nusrat Bhutto (née Ispahnie) from 1951 until his death. Their elder daughter, Benazir Bhutto (1953-2007), was also Prime Minister of Pakistan, twice. The couple had three other children: son Murtaza Bhutto (1954-1996) daughter Sanam Bhutto (born 1957), and son Shahnawaz Bhutto (1958-1985).