Benazir Bhutto

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Benazir Bhutto
بينظير بُھٹو
Bhutto in 2006
11th and 13th Prime Minister of Pakistan
In office
18 October 1993 – 5 November 1996
PresidentWasim Sajjad (acting)
Farooq Leghari
Preceded byNawaz Sharif
Moeenuddin Ahmad Qureshi (Caretaker)
Succeeded byMalik Meraj Khalid (Caretaker)
Nawaz Sharif
In office
2 December 1988 – 6 August 1990
PresidentGhulam Ishaq Khan
Preceded byMuhammad Khan Junejo
Succeeded byGhulam Mustafa Jatoi (caretaker)
Nawaz Sharif
Other political offices
Leader of the Opposition
In office
17 February 1997 – 12 October 1999
Preceded byNawaz Sharif
Succeeded byFazl-ur-Rehman
In office
6 November 1990 – 18 April 1993
Preceded byKhan Abdul Wali Khan
Succeeded byNawaz Sharif
Chairperson of the Pakistan Peoples Party
In office
12 November 1982 – 27 December 2007
Preceded byNusrat Bhutto
Succeeded byAsif Ali Zardari
Bilawal Bhutto Zardari
Personal details
Born(1953-06-21)21 June 1953
Karachi, Federal Capital Territory, Pakistan
Died27 December 2007(2007-12-27) (aged 54)
Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan
Cause of deathGunshot wounds
Resting placeBhutto family mausoleum
Political partyPakistan People's Party
Asif Ali Zardari (m. 1987)
ParentsZulfikar Ali Bhutto
Nusrat Bhutto
Iron Lady

Benazir Bhutto (21 June 1953 – 27 December 2007) was a Pakistani politician who became the 11th and 13th prime minister of Pakistan. She served from 1988 to 1990 and then from 1993 to 1996. She made history as the first woman to lead a democratic government in a Muslim-majority country.[1][2] Benazir Bhutto was a liberal and a secularist, and she played a significant role in the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) from the early 1980s until she was killed in 2007.

Born in Karachi to a politically influential and wealthy family with Sindhi and Kurdish roots, She studied at Harvard University and the University of Oxford.[3] Her father, Zulfikar Bhutto, was a prominent leader of the PPP and served as prime minister. After her father's ousting and execution following a military coup in 1977, Benazir Bhutto, along with her mother Nusrat, took charge of the PPP and led the Movement for the Restoration of Democracy. She faced imprisonment under the military government of Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq and later chose self-exile in Britain in 1984.[4]

Life[change | change source]

Bhutto was the elder daughter of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and Nusrat Bhutto (née Ispahani).

Bhutto was the first woman elected to lead a Muslim state. She was elected Prime Minister of Pakistan twice. She was sworn in for the first time in 1988 but removed from office 20 months later under orders of then-president Ghulam Ishaq Khan on a belief that she was corrupt. In 1993 Bhutto was re-elected but was again removed in 1996 on similar charges, this time by President Farooq Leghari.

Death[change | change source]

On December 27, 2007, Bhutto was killed while getting into a vehicle to leave a political meeting for the Pakistan Peoples Party in Rawalpindi, Pakistan.[5] An assassin shot her in the neck and chest before detonating an explosive vest. This killed about 20 people and wounded many others.[6] She is called Shaheed-e-Jamhuriat (Martyr of Democracy) by her fans.

References[change | change source]

  1. "First female Prime Minister of a Muslim country". Centre of Democracy. Retrieved 2024-01-08.
  2. "Benazir Bhutto | Biography, Assassination, Husband, & Son | Britannica". 2023-12-23. Retrieved 2024-01-08.
  3. Bhargava, G. S. (1990). Benazir: Pakistan's New Hope. London: Aspect Publications. ISBN 978-1855290532.
  4. "Benazir Bhutto | Biography, Assassination, Husband, & Son | Britannica". 2023-12-23. Retrieved 2024-01-08.
  5. "Benazir Bhutto assassinated". CNN. 2007-12-27. Retrieved 2007-12-27.
  6. "Who killed Benazir Bhutto?". 1 May 2010. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 28 January 2024.

Other websites[change | change source]