Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto

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Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.jpg
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
President of Pakistan
In office
December 20, 1971 – August 13, 1973
Preceded by Yahya Khan
Succeeded by Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
Prime Minister of Pakistan
In office
August 14, 1973 – July 5, 1977
Preceded by Nurul Amin
Succeeded by Muhammad Khan Junejo
Personal details
Born January 5, 1928
Larkana, British Raj
Died April 4, 1979 (aged 51)
Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Cause of death Executed
Political party Pakistan Peoples Party
Spouse(s) Nusrat Bhutto (m. 1951-1979, his death)
Children Benazir Bhutto (dead)
Murtaza Bhutto (dead)
Sanam Bhutto
Shahnawaz Bhutto (dead)

Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto (Urdu: ذوالفقار علی بھٹو, Sindhi: ذوالفقار علي ڀُٽو; January 5, 1928 – April 4, 1979) was a Pakistani politician who served as the President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973 and as Prime Minister from 1973 to 1977. He was the founder of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP), the largest and most influential political party in Pakistan.

He was educated at the University of California, Berkeley in the United States and Oxford University in the United Kingdom. Bhutto was executed by hanging in 1979 for ordering the murder of a political opponent. His execution was ordered by General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Bhutto's supporters give him the honorific title Shaheed, the Urdu word for martyr. His name then becomes Shaheed-e-Azam Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto ("The Great Martyr") or sometimes Quaid-e-Awam (The Leader the Community).

He was married to Nusrat Bhutto (née Ispahnie) from 1951 until his death. Their elder daughter, Benazir Bhutto (1953-2007), also served twice as prime minister. The couple had three other children: son Murtaza Bhutto (1954-1996) daughter Sanam Bhutto (born 1957), and son Shahnawaz Bhutto (1958-1985).