President of Pakistan

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Pakistan

The President of Pakistan (Urdu: صدر‎, Sadr-e-Mumlikat) is the head of state of Pakistan. Pakistan has a parliamentary form of government. According to the Constitution, the President is chosen by the Electoral College to serve a five-year term. The electoral college is made up of the Senate, National Assembly, and the provincial assemblies.[1]

The position of president in Pakistan has usually been one of a figurehead. That is with real power being given to the Prime Minister. However the power of the president has changed over the years, due to the military changing the role.

History[change | change source]

In 1947, Pakistan became a dominion and part of the British Commonwealth with the British Monarch as head of state, represented by the Governor-General of Pakistan. In 1956 Pakistan established its first constitution and became a Republic, and the Queen and Governor-General were replaced by the president.

Pakistan's first president was Iskander Mirza, who was also the last Governor General. In 1958, he removed the constitution and declared martial law. A few weeks later, he was overthrown by General Ayub Khan, who then declared himself president. The constitution was changed and the president became the ruler of Pakistan. The constitution also said that the president be elected by the people. Elections were held in 1963, and Khan defeated Fatima Jinnah, sister of founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

List of presidents of Pakistan[change | change source]

No Portrait Name

(Birth–Death)

Took office Left office Elections Political party Note
Dominion of Pakistan 1947 to 1956
1 Muhammad Ali Jinnah

(1876–1948)

15 August 1947 11 September 1948

(died in office)

Pakistan Muslim League
2 alt=|129x129px Sir Khawaja Nazimuddin

(1894–1964)

14 September 1948 17 October 1951 Pakistan Muslim League
3 alt=|150x150px Sir Ghulam Muhammad

(1895–1956 )

17 October 1951 7 August 1955

(dismissed)

Independent)
4 alt=|154x154px Iskander Mirza(1899–1969) 7 August 1955 23 March 1956

(became president)

Republican Party (Pakistan)
Islamic Republic of Pakistan .Pakistan Day 23 March 1956
1 alt=A black and white portrait of Iskander Mirza|154x154px Iskander Mirza(1899–1969) 23 March 1956 27 October 1958  1958 Pakistani coup d'état Republican Party
2 alt=A black and white portrait of Ayub Khan|137x137px Ayub Khan (1907–1974) 27 October 1958 8 June 1962  1958 Pakistani coup d'état  —
align="center" style="background-color: Template:Muslim League/meta/color" | 8 June 1962 31 March 1969 2 January 1965 Pakistan Muslim League (C)
3 Fazlul Qadir Chaudhry ( 1919–1973) 29 November 1963 12 June 1965  —  —
4 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Muslim League/meta/color" | alt=A black and white portrait of Ayub Khan|137x137px Ayub Khan(1907–1974) 12 June 1965 31 March 1969 2 January 1965[n 1] Pakistan Muslim League (C)
5 alt=A portrait of Yahya Khan|112x112px Yahya Khan(1917–1980) 31 March 1969 20 December 1971  —  —
6 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" | alt=A black and white photo of Wajahat Haider, during a meeting|156x156px Zulfikar Ali Bhutto(1928–1979) 20 December 1971 13 August 1973 20 December 1971 Pakistan Peoples Party
7 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" | 125x125px Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry(1904–1982) 14 August 1973 20 April 1978 14 August 1973 Pakistan Peoples Party
8 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" | Sheikh Anwarul Haq(1917–1995) 20 April 1978 7 May 1978 14 August 1973 Pakistan Peoples Party
9 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" | 125x125px Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry(1904–1982) 7 May 1978 16 September 1978 14 August 1973 Pakistan Peoples Party
10 alt=Muhammad Zia-ul-haq in black Sherwani, looking towards the camera|124x124px Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq(1924–1988) 16 September 1978 17 August 1988  —  —
11 Ghulam Ishaq Khan(1915–2006) 17 August 1988 18 July 1993 13 December 1988 Independent
12 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Muslim League (N)/meta/color" | 115x115px Wasim Sajjad(1941– ) 18 July 1993 14 November 1993 1995 Pakistani coup d'état attempt Pakistan Muslim League (N)
13 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" | néant|121x121px Farooq Leghari(1940–2010) 14 November 1993 2 December 1997 14 November 1993 Pakistan Peoples Party
14 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Muslim League (N)/meta/color" | 115x115px Wasim Sajjad(1941– ) 27 December 1997 1 January 1998 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
15 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Muslim League (N)/meta/color" | alt=A side shoot of Muhammad Rafiq Tarar at an award ceremony|106x106px Muhammad Rafiq Tarar(1929–) 1 January 1998 20 June 2001 31 December 1997 1999 Pakistani coup d'état Pakistan Muslim League (N)
16 alt=A portrait of Pervez Musharraf|153x153px Pervez Musharraf(1943– ) 20 June 2001 6 October 2007 1 January 2004{{refn|Musharraf took vote of confidence from the electoral college of Pakistan and elected himself as a President of Pakistan.  —
style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Muslim League (N)/meta/color" | 6 October 2007 18 August 2008 6 October 2007 Pakistan Muslim League (Q)
17 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Muslim League (N)/meta/color" | 100x100px Muhammad Mian Soomro(1950– ) 18 August 2008 9 September 2008 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
18 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" | alt=A portrait of Asif Ali Zardari|134x134px Asif Ali Zardari(1955– ) 9 September 2008 9 September 2013 6 September 2008 Pakistan Peoples Party
19 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Muslim League (N)/meta/color" | 133x133px Mamnoon Hussain(1941– ) 9 September 2013 9 September 2018 30 July 2013 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
20 150x150px Arif Alvi(1949– ) 9 September 2018 Incumbent

(Term ends on 9 September 2023)

4 September 2018 Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf

Living former Presidents[change | change source]

Present holder of the post[change | change source]

The President is now Arif Alvi, a former dentist. He has been a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan since August 2018. Before, he was a member of the National Assembly from June 2013 to May 2018. He is a member of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf, a moderate Party with democratic ideals.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Cite error: The named reference Ayub was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).

References[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]