Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
محمد ضیاء الحق
Muhammad-Zia-ul-Haq-01.jpg
6th President of Pakistan
In office
16 September 1978 – 17 August 1988
Prime MinisterMuhammad Khan Junejo
Preceded byFazal Ilahi Chaudhry
Succeeded byGhulam Ishaq Khan
Personal details
Born(1924-08-12)12 August 1924
Jalandhar, Punjab, British India
Died17 August 1988(1988-08-17) (aged 64)
Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan
Resting placeFaisal Masjid
NationalityBritish Indian (1924–1947) Pakistani (1947–1988)
Spouse(s)Begum Shafiq Zia (1950–1988; his death)[1]
Children5 (including Muhammad Ijaz-ul-Haq)
Alma materSt. Stephen's College, Delhi
United States Army Command and General Staff College
Military service
Nickname(s)Mard-e-Momin
Allegiance British India
 Pakistan
Service/branch British Indian Army
 Pakistan Army
Years of service1943–1988
RankOF-9 Pakistan Army.svg General
Unit22 Cavalry, Army Armoured Corps (PA – 1810)
Commands2nd Independent Armoured Brigade
1st Armoured Division
II Strike Corps
Chief of Army Staff
Battles/warsWorld War II
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Black September in Jordan
Soviet–Afghan War

General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (Punjabi, Urdu: محمد ضياء الحق‎; August 12, 1924 – August 17, 1988), was a Pakistani general officer and military dictator. He was the sixth President of Pakistan. He was president from 1978 until his death in 1988. He was born in Jalandhar, Punjab. He died in a plane crash in Bahawalpur Punjab. Before he was president, he was chief martial law administrator from 1977, when martial law had been declared for the third time in the country's history. His reign is regarded as one of the longest-serving regimes in Pakistan, as he ruled nine years. It was a very cruel and bad time for most Pakistani people. He also helped the United States in fighting against the Soviet Union during the Soviet war in Afghanistan and in the process, he ruined his own country also.[source?]

References[change | change source]

  1. http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2008\story_16-3-2008_pg3_3 https://web.archive.org/web/20170215124259/http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page%3D2008%5C%5C05%5C%5C30%5C%5Cstory_30-5-2008_pg7_56&date=2009-09-04. Archived from the original on 15 February 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2017. Missing or empty |title= (help)