Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq

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Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
محمد ضیاء الحق
Muhammad-Zia-ul-Haq-01.jpg
6th President of Pakistan
In office
16 September 1978 – 17 August 1988
Prime Minister Muhammad Khan Junejo
Preceded by Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
Succeeded by Ghulam Ishaq Khan
Personal details
Born (1924-08-12)12 August 1924
Jalandhar, Punjab, British India
Died 17 August 1988(1988-08-17) (aged 64)
Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan
Resting place Faisal Masjid
Nationality British Indian (1924–1947) Pakistani (1947–1988)
Spouse(s) Begum Shafiq Zia (1950–1988; his death)[1]
Children 5 (including Muhammad Ijaz-ul-Haq)
Alma mater St. Stephen's College, Delhi
United States Army Command and General Staff College
Military service
Nickname(s) Mard-e-Momin
Allegiance  British India
 Pakistan
Service/branch  British Indian Army
 Pakistan Army
Years of service 1943–1988
Rank OF-9 Pakistan Army.svg General
Unit 22 Cavalry, Army Armoured Corps (PA – 1810)
Commands 2nd Independent Armoured Brigade
1st Armoured Division
II Strike Corps
Chief of Army Staff
Battles/wars World War II
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Black September in Jordan
Soviet–Afghan War

General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (Punjabi, Urdu: محمد ضياء الحق‎; August 12, 1924 – August 17, 1988), was a Pakistani general officer and military dictator. He was the sixth President of Pakistan. He was president from 1978 until his death in 1988. He was born in Jalandhar, Punjab. He died in a plane crash in Bahawalpur Punjab. Before he was president, he was chief martial law administrator from 1977, when martial law had been declared for the third time in the country's history. His reign is regarded as one of the longest-serving regimes in Pakistan, as he ruled nine years. It was a very cruel and bad time for most Pakistani people. He also helped the United States in fighting against the Soviet Union during the Soviet war in Afghanistan and in the process, he ruined his own country also.[source?]

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