Balochistan (region)

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Major ethnic groups in Pakistan and surrounding areas, in 1980. The Baloch are shown in pink.

Balochistan or Baluchistan is an arid region on the Iranian plateau. The plateau is in Southwest Asia and South-central Asia, between Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan. The area is named after the numerous Baloch tribes. The Baloch are of Aryan and other Arab races who moved into the area from the west around A.D. 1000. All natives are considered Baloch even if they do not speak the Balochi language; Pashto, Persian, Hazaragi language, and Brahui languages are also spoken in the region. The southern part of Balochistan is known as Makran. Now it is recognised by UNPO as an Unrepresented Nation.

Azad Baluchistan[change | change source]

Separatists flag

This is a call for an independent Balochistan state.[1] But it isn't clear what is meant by Azad Balochistan. Some Balochis mean an independent Balochistan nation. Others mean all Balochi parts of Pakistan in addition to those parts of Iran and Afghanistan. Balochis are more loyal to individual tribes than to a free Balochistan movement.[1] They are also more loyal to Balochistan than all three countries of Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan.

Topography[change | change source]

Baluchistan's landscape is made of barren, rugged mountains and fertile land. During the summer, some regions of Baluchistan are the hottest. Most of the land is barren, particularly the Iranian and Afghan side of the region. Relatively few people live there. In the south (Makran) is the desert through which Alexander the Great passed with great difficulty.

Other websites[change | change source]



  1. 1.0 1.1 Pradyumna P. Karan, The Non-Western World: Environment, Development and Human Rights (New York; Oxford: Routledge, 2004), p. 393