Bamburgh Castle

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Bamburgh Castle

Bamburgh Castle is a castle on the coast at Bamburgh, Northumberland. It is a Grade I listed building. During WW2 the Royal Navy ship HMS Bamborough Castle was named after it.

History[change | change source]

The castle is built on the remains of a fort of native Britons. The fort was destroyed by the Vikings in 993.[1][2]

The Normans then built a new castle on the site. That forms the centre of today's castle. The castle became the property of the reigning English Monarch. Many think that Henry II ordered the creation of the keep.

During the Wars of the Roses, it became the first castle in England to be defeated by artillery, after a nine-month siege.[3] The Forester family of Northumberland provided the Crown with governors of the castle for 400 years, before the Crown granted ownership to Sir John Forester. When the family became bankrupt, the castle was sold to a series of owners. Eventually it was bought by the Armstrong family, who still own it today. They opened it to the public.

Media and myths[change | change source]

The castle has been used in movies including Macbeth (1971) and Robin of Sherwood (1984-6).[4] It has also been featured in many books. The late medieval British author Thomas Malory suggested that it was Joyous Gard, the mythical home of Sir Lancelot from tales of King Arthur.[5]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Camelot International - British History - Bamburgh Castle".
  2. "Bamburgh Castle - Official History".
  3. "Bamburgh Research Project - History".
  4. "Northumberland in film and tv".
  5. "Sir Lancelot Website - Joyous Gard".