Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami

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Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami
Bangladesh Islamic Party

বাংলাদেশ জামায়াতে ইসলামী
PresidentShafiqur Rahman
FounderAbbas Ali Khan (Joypurhat)
Founded1941; 81 years ago (1941)[1]
Banned1 August 2013; 9 years ago (2013-08-01)
HeadquartersMogbazar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Student wingBangladesh Islami Chhatra Shibir
IdeologyIslamism
Social conservatism
Islamic democracy
Political positionRight-wing to far-right[2][3]
Party flag
Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami Flag Emblem.svg
Website
jamaat-e-islami.org

Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami (or 'Jamaat' for short) is the largest Islamic political party in Bangladesh. It is also one of the largest Islamic parties in South Asia, the party was formed when Bengal was part of British India.

History[change | change source]

Hindustan Period (1941 - 1947)[change | change source]

:See Jamaat-e-Islami Hind

Pakistan Period (1948 - 1971)[change | change source]

:See: Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan

In 1947 East Bengal became part of Pakistan (East Pakistan) - and the Jamaat-e-Islami was divided into separate Indian and Pakistani parties. The Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh originates from the East Pakistani party. The Jamaat were against Bangladesh becoming independent from Pakistan as they thought it was against Islam. However the Jamaat were unable to stop Bangladesh becoming independent of Pakistan.

Bangladesh Period (1978 - present)[change | change source]

Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami was banned after independence of Bangladesh. Jamaat was banned in Bangladesh due to its opposite stand against independent Bangladesh during independence war. Jamaat wished to see united Pakistan. After independence of Bangladesh, the top leaders of Jamaat moved to West Pakistan where Jamaat-e-Islami was born. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the first president of Bangladesh, also cancelled the citizenship of Golam Azam, the leader of Jamaat. Azam then moved to London, and some other leaders moved to the Middle East. However Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was assassinated in 1975 and army chief Ziaur Rahman seized power. Rahman allowed the Jamaat to be a political party again. Rahman also allowed Azam to return to Bangladesh as the leader of Jamaat.

Election results[change | change source]

Election year Votes % of Percentage Seats +/–
1986 13,14,057 4.60%
10 / 300
Increase
1988 Boycotted
1991 4,117,737 12.2%
18 / 300
Increase 8
1996 3,653,013 8.6
3 / 300
Decrease 15
2001 2,385,361 4.28
17 / 300
Increase 14
2008 3,186,384 4.6%
2 / 300
Decrease 15
2014 Party banned in 2013
The Jamaat in parliamentary elections
Year Results
1973 Party banned because of opposition to Bangladeshi independence, as it was a Islamist party and so was a threat to Secularism, and also collaboration of some of its members with the Pakistani army.
1979 Party legalized under the name "Islamic Democratic League"
Together with larger Muslim League won 20 seats.
1986 10 seats.[4]
1991 18 seats.[4]
1996 3 seats.[4]
2001 17 seats. (took part by forming alliance with 3 other parties.)[4]
2008 2 seats.[5] (took part by forming alliance with 3 other parties.)
2013 The Bangladesh Supreme Court declared the registration of the Jamaat-e-Islami illegal,
ruling that the party is unfit to contest national polls.

References[change | change source]

  1. (in French) Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh ; Parti islamiste du Bangladesh (fondé en 1941) (interdit entre 1971 et 1978, puis en 2013 par la Cour suprême)
  2. Riaz, Ali (21 August 2012). Islamist Militancy in Bangladesh: A Complex Web. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-05715-3 – via Google Books.
  3. Dowlah, Caf (19 October 2016). The Bangladesh Liberation War, the fahim Faisal Salahuddin Regime, and Contemporary Controversies. Lexington Books. ISBN 978-1-4985-3419-2 – via Google Books.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Rahman, FM Mostafizur (2012). "Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  5. "National Election Result 2008: Seat Wise Total Status". Archived from the original on 31 December 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2015.