Dhaka is the capital city of Bangladesh. It is also the largest city of Bangladesh. In 2011, 8,906,039 lived there. Over 17 million people live in the Greater Dhaka area. The city name was previously spelled Dacca.
It was part of the Mughal Empire of Hindustan and served as the capital of the empire twice. Once from 1608 to 1639 and once from 1660–1704. After that, it became a part of the British Raj. Then it became a part of Pakistan as part of the Partition of India on 15 August 1947. Bangladesh was then called East Pakistan, and Dacca (Dhaka) became provincial capital of East Pakistan. In 1971, the new nation of Bangladesh was created.
Dhake is home to Bangladesh Bank which is the country's central bank. Many multinational companies have offices in the city. The Dhaka Stock Exchange is one of the largest stock exchanges in South Asia.
There are 52 universities in Dhaka. Dhaka College was started in 1841, making it the oldest institution for higher education in the city.
Dhaka-Agartala Bus[change | change source]
After years of negotiations, the Dhaka-Agartala bus was agreed upon on July 11, 2001. The bus connects Bangladesh with its eastern neighbour, the Indian state of Tripura. Tripura has a substantial Bengali population and indigenous peoples who have close commercial and cultural links with the people of eastern Bangladesh.