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Illustration Hordeum vulgare0B.jpg
Drawing of Barley
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Genus: Hordeum
H. vulgare
Binomial name
Hordeum vulgare
Hordeum vulgare

Barley is a member of the grass family of plants. Its seeds are a cereal grain. It is a staple food of humans and other animals, and it is one of mankind's oldest crops. It can be made into flour or beer.

Its Latin name is Hordeum vulgare. Barley is an annual plant.

Production[change | change source]

The world's biggest barley producers (2007)
 Rank  Country  quantity 
(in t)
 rank  Country  quantity 
(in t)
   1  Russia    15.663.110    9  United Kingdom    5.149.000
   2  Canada    11.822.100    10  United States    4.611.940
   3  Spain    11.684.000    11  Poland    4.065.800
   4  Germany    11.034.200    12  China    3.851.000
   5  France    9.472.000    13  Denmark    3.104.200
   6  Turkey    7.423.000    14  Iran    3.000.000
   7  Ukraine    6.000.000    15  Kazakhstan    2.600.000
   8  Australia    5.920.000     World    136.207.179
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) [3]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Hordeum vulgare". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
  2. The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 2 February 2016
  3. "Statistic by the FAO in 2007". FAO. Retrieved 30 January 2009.