Battle of Ðiện Biên Phủ
The battle of Ðiện Biên Phủ happened in 1954. It was a battle between Vietnam and France, which Vietnam won. This led the French to give up in the First Indochinese War, or the French War, securing the independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam for the time. This was followed by the division of Vietnam into North and South and then the Second Indochinese War.
This was the biggest military victory in the resistance war against France 1945 - 1954 of Vietnam. By this decisive victory, the Việt Minh forces commanded by General Võ Nguyên Giáp forced the French at Ðiện Biên Phủ to surrender in May 1954, after two months of fighting. In the midst of this battle, the French army increased to 16,200 people but could not withstand the attacks of the Vietnamese People's Army. French colonialists could not pacify Vietnam despite years of fighting and increasing US support and they were no longer able to continue fighting after the defeat.
On the international front, this battle has a great significance: for the first time an Asian colonial army defeats the army of a European power by military might. Considered a surprise disaster for the French colonialists and a blow to the Western world, defeated the will to maintain French Indochina and forced the country to negotiate and withdrew from Indochina, the French colonies in Africa were strongly encouraged to also revolt. In 1960 alone, 17 African countries gained independence and by 1967 France was forced to return independence to all French colonies.
References[change | change source]
- Tanham, George Kilpatrick (2006). Communist Revolutionary Warfare: From the Vietminh to the Viet Cong. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780275992637.