Congo belge (French)
Travail et Progrès
(“Work and Progress”)
|Language(s)||French (de facto official)
Dutch (majority of whites)
more than 200 indigenous languages
|King of the Belgians|
|- 1908–09||Léopold II|
|- 1909–34||Albert I|
|- 1934–51||Léopold III|
|- 1951–60||Baudouin I|
|- 1908–10||Théophile Wahis|
|- 1946–51||Eugène Jungers|
|- 1958–60||Henri Cornelis|
|- Established||15 November 1908|
|- Independence||30 June 1960|
|- Secessions¹||July–August 1960|
|- 1960||2,344,858 km2 (905,355 sq mi)|
|- 1960 est.||16,610,000|
|Density||7.1 /km2 (18.3 /sq mi)|
|¹ Secession of Katanga on 11 July and South Kasai on 8 August 1960|
Belgian Congo was a Belgian colony in central Africa. It was formed in 1908. The government of Belgium took over the previously separate kingdom of Belgium's monarch Léopold II; the Congo Free State. Today it is called the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It existed between Léopold II's formal transfer of his personal control to Belgium on 15 November 1908, and Congolese independence on 30 June 1960.
References[change | change source]
- (in French) République démocratique du Congo, Laval University, Canada
- (Dutch) Vlamingen en Afrikanen—Vlamingen in Centraal Afrika, Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
- Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja (2002). The Congo from Leopold to Kabila: A People's History. Zed Books. ISBN 1842770535.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Belgian Congo article in Encyclopædia Britannica 1922 extension.
- Oasis Kodila Tedika and Francklin Kyayima Muteba. Sources of growth in Democratic Republic of the Congo before independence. A cointegration analysis. Revue congolaise d’économie / Congo Economic Review. Document de Travail / Working Paper. WP02/10 — July 2006.