Belgian Congo

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Belgian Congo
Congo belge (French)
Belgisch-Kongo (Dutch)
Belgian colony

1908–1960
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
Travail et Progrès
(“Work and Progress”)
The Belgian Congo
Capital Léopoldville/Leopoldstad
Language(s) French (de facto official)[1]
Dutch (majority of whites)[2]
more than 200 indigenous languages
Political structure Colony
King of the Belgians
 - 1908–09 Léopold II
 - 1909–34 Albert I
 - 1934–51 Léopold III
 - 1951–60 Baudouin I
Governor-general
 - 1908–10 Théophile Wahis
 - 1946–51 Eugène Jungers
 - 1958–60 Henri Cornelis
History
 - Established 15 November 1908
 - Independence 30 June 1960
 - Secessions¹ July–August 1960
Area
 - 1960 2,344,858 km2 (905,355 sq mi)
Population
 - 1960 est. 16,610,000 
     Density 7.1 /km2  (18.3 /sq mi)
Currency Congolese franc
¹ Secession of Katanga on 11 July and South Kasai on 8 August 1960

Belgian Congo was a Belgian colony in central Africa. It was formed in 1908. The government of Belgium took over the previously separate kingdom of Belgium's monarch Léopold II; the Congo Free State. Today it is called the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It existed between Léopold II's formal transfer of his personal control to Belgium on 15 November 1908, and Congolese independence on 30 June 1960.[3]

References[change | edit source]

  1. (French) République démocratique du Congo, Laval University, Canada
  2. (Dutch) Vlamingen en Afrikanen—Vlamingen in Centraal Afrika, Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
  3. Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja (2002). The Congo from Leopold to Kabila: A People's History. Zed Books. ISBN 1842770535.

Other websites[change | edit source]