Binary fission

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'Binary fission ("division in half") is a kind of asexual reproduction.  It is the most common form of reproduction in prokaryotes such as bacteria. This process occurs in some single-celled Eukaryotes like Amoeba and Paramecium. In binary fission DNA replication and segregation occur simultaneously. [1]

In binary fission, the fully grown parent cell splits into two halves , producing two new cells. After replicating it's genetic material, the parent cell divides into two equal sized daughter cells. The genetic material is also equally split. The daughter cells are genetically identical (unless a mutation occurs during replication).

Binary fission in a prokaryote  1. The bacterium before binary fission is when the DNA is tightly coiled. 2. The DNA of the bacterium has replicated. 3. The DNA is pulled to the separate poles of the bacterium as it increases size to prepare for splitting. 4. The growth of a new cell wall begins to separate the bacterium. 5. The new cell wall fully develops, resulting in the complete split of the bacterium. 6. The new daughter cells have tightly coiled DNA, ribosomes, and plasmids.

During binary fission, the DNA molecule divides and forms two DNA molecules. Each molecule moves towards the opposite side of the bacterium. At the same time, the cell membrane divides to form 2 daughter cells. After division, the new cells grow and the process repeats itself.

Mitosis is the equivalent process that most Eukaryotes use to reproduce.

References[change | change source]

  1. A., Mason, Kenneth; H., Raven, Peter; 1942-, Johnson, George B. (George Brooks),; R., Singer, Susan. Foundations of life : chemistry, cells, and genetics : selected materials from Biology, 10th edition. Boston, Mass.. ISBN 0077775805. OCLC 846845827. https://www.worldcat.org/oclc/846845827.