Bloody Sunday (1972)

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Bloody Sunday (1972)
Part of The Troubles
Location Derry, Northern Ireland
Coordinates 54°59′49″N 7°19′32″W / 54.9969674°N 7.3255581°W / 54.9969674; -7.3255581Coordinates: 54°59′49″N 7°19′32″W / 54.9969674°N 7.3255581°W / 54.9969674; -7.3255581
Date 30 January 1972
16:10
Attack type
Shooting
Weapons L1A1 SLR rifles
Deaths 13 immediate
Non-fatal injuries
14 (12 from gunshots, one of whom died 4½ months later, and two from vehicle impact). Possibly also three from other injuries.
Perpetrators British Army
(Parachute Regiment)

Bloody Sunday (Irish: Domhnach na Fola)[1][2]—sometimes called the Bogside Massacre[3]—happened on 30 January 1972, in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland. In this event, 26 unarmed civil-rights protesters and people who were watching were shot by soldiers of the British Army. Thirteen males, seven of whom were teenagers, died immediately or soon after. A fourteenth man died from his injuries four-and-a-half months later. Two protesters were also run down by army vehicles.[4] Five of the wounded were shot in the back.[5] The incident happened during a Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association march. The soldiers involved were members of the First Battalion of the Parachute Regiment (1 Para).[6]

Two investigations have been held by the British government. The Widgery Tribunal, held soon after the event, said that the soldiers and British authorities were almost reckless. Critics said the report made it seem like the British did nothing wrong. [7][8][9] The Saville Inquiry was held in 1998 to investigate the events a second time. The inquiry took 12 years. The report was made public on 15 June 2010. The report said that some soldiers were wrong to have shot the protesters.[10] The report found that all of the people shot were unarmed, and that the killings were "unjustified". When the Saville report was published, the British prime minister, David Cameron, said sorry to the victims.[11]

The Provisional Irish Republican Army's (IRA) war against the partition of Ireland had begun in the two years before the incident. The incident helped the IRA to recruit new members.[12] Bloody Sunday remains among the most important events in the Troubles of Northern Ireland. The reason it is seen as so important is because those who died were shot by the British army rather than paramilitaries.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. "CAIN: Posters – Examples of Bloody Sunday Posters". Cain.ulst.ac.uk. 30 January 1972. http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/images/posters/bsunday/index.html. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  2. "Faoiseamh agus Domhnach na Fola". The Irish Times. 6 June 2010. http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/features/2010/0622/1224273029105.html. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Eamonn McCann (2006). The Bloody Sunday Inquiry – The Families Speak Out. London: Pluto Press. ISBN 0-7453-2510-6. pp. 4–6
  4. 'Bloody Sunday', Derry 30 January 1972 – Names of the Dead and Injured CAIN Web Service, 23 March 2006. Retrieved 27 August 2006.
  5. Extracts from 'The Road to Bloody Sunday' by Dr Raymond McClean. Retrieved 16 February 2007.
  6. http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/hmso/widgery.htm
  7. David Granville (28 July 2005). publisher = The Morning Star "More 'butcher' than 'grocer'". http://www.irishdemocrat.co.uk/features/more-butcher-than-grocer/ publisher = The Morning Star. Retrieved 18 May 2007.
  8. Nick Cohen (1 February 2004). "Schooled in scandal". The Guardian (London). http://politics.guardian.co.uk/kelly/comment/0,,1136486,00.html. Retrieved 18 May 2007.
  9. "1972: 'Bloody Sunday' report excuses Army". BBC News. 19 April 1972. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/19/newsid_2491000/2491125.stm. Retrieved 18 May 2007.
  10. McDonald, Henry; Norton-Taylor, Richard (10 June 2010). "Bloody Sunday killings to be ruled unlawful". The Guardian (London). http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2010/jun/10/bloody-sunday-inquiry-northern-ireland. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
  11. . BBC. 15 June 2010. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/10320609 Bloody Sunday report published. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
  12. Peter Pringle and Philip Jacobson (2000). Those Are Real Bullets, Aren't They?. London: Fourth Estate. ISBN 1-84115-316-8. P. 293: "Youngsters who had seen their friends die that day flocked to join the IRA..."