Brexit Party

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Brexit Party
ChairmanRichard Tice
LeaderRichard Tice
Founded23 November 2018; 2 years ago (2018-11-23)
Registered5 February 2019; 2 years ago (2019-02-05)
Headquarters83 Victoria Street
SW1 0HW[1]
Membership (2019)Increase 100,000[2] registered supporters
European Parliament groupEurope of Freedom and Direct Democracy
Colours    Aqua, white
SloganChange Politics for Good
House of Commons
0 / 650
Local government[3][4]
4 / 20,249
Scottish Parliament
1 / 129
Nigel Farage, the party leader

The Brexit Party is a Eurosceptic political party in the United Kingdom (UK) made up of politicians who support Brexit. Created in 2019, it is led by Nigel Farage. The party has four Welsh Assembly Members.

The Brexit Party campaigns for the withdrawal of the UK from the European Union (EU). It wants the UK to trade on World Trade Organization (WTO) terms and leave both the European Single Market and the European Union Customs Union.

Many of its members were formerly of the UK Independence Party (UKIP), with Farage having led UKIP in 2006–09 and 2010–16, as well as from the Conservative Party.[5]

On 6 January 2021, the party was re-registered as Reform UK.[6] Farage stepped down as leader in March 2021, being replaced by party chairman Richard Tice.[7]

European Parliament elections[change | change source]

Year Leader Share of votes Seats Change Position
2019 Nigel Farage 30.52%
29 / 73
n/a 1st

Reform Party[change | change source]

Before the general election on 8 December 2019, the party's leader Nigel Farage said that, after Brexit, the party would change its name to the "Reform Party", and campaign for changes in the electoral system and structure of the House of Commons.[8]

In October 2020, Farage and Tice said they had went to the Electoral Commission, which handles elections, to re-name the Brexit Party to 'Reform UK',[9] and said that the party would campaign against more lockdowns (because of the COVID-19 pandemic) and that would seek to reform parts of UK Governance, including the BBC and House of Lords.[10][11] In a report, Nigel Farage said he and the party supported the Great Barrington Declaration, which tries to remove restrictions and let the lower risk people be infected and become immune and unable to infect the elderly and vulnerable or cause them to die.[12]

A poll by YouGov said that the amount of voters with a good opinion of Nigel Farage and those with a negative opinion of COVID-19 lockdowns was at about 7% of voters.[13] The charity Reform, which has the domain name, had complained to the Electoral Commission about the name change, saying that it could be hurting its reputation through name confusion.[14]

On 6 January, the party's name change to Reform UK was approved by the electoral commission.[15]

In January 2021, Reform UK gained representation in the Scottish Parliament when former Conservative and then independent MSP Michelle Ballantyne joined the party and was named Reform UK's leader in Holyrood by Nigel Farage.[16]

References[change | change source]

  1. "View registration – The Electoral Commission". Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  2. Hope, Christopher (15 May 2019). "Nigel Farage's Brexit Party closes in on Tories as supporter registrations surge through the 100,000 mark". The Telegraph. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  3. "Open Council Data UK – compositions councillors parties wards elections".
  4. "Open Council Data UK – compositions councillors parties wards elections".
  5. "Rees-Mogg elected Brexit Party MEP". 27 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  6. "Party registration decisions".
  7. "Nigel Farage: Brexit-backing politician to quit as leader of Reform UK". BBC News. 6 March 2021. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  8. "Farage promises Reform Party after Brexit". BBC News. 8 December 2019. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  9. View current applications Electoral Commission
  10. Cite error: The named reference :5 was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  11. Cite error: The named reference :6 was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  12. "It's time: From Brexit to Reform UK". ReformUK: The Brexit Party. Retrieved 2 December 2020. Our party of Reform is the only political party that supports the Great Barrington Declaration.
  13. McDonnell, Adam. "Is there a market for Nigel Farage's Reform UK?". Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  14. Sleigh, Sophia (9 November 2020). "Reform think tank asks Nigel Farage to rethink Brexit Party name change". Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  15. "Party registration decisions". Retrieved 6 January 2021.