Canary damsel

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Canary damsel
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Family: Pomacentridae
Genus: Similiparma
S. lurida
Binomial name
Similiparma lurida
(Cuvier, 1830)
  • Glyphisodon luridus Cuvier, 1830
  • Chaetodon luridus (Cuvier, 1830)
  • Chaetodonton luridi Gmelin, 1789
  • Abudefduf luridus (Cuvier, 1830)

The Canary damsel (Similiparma lurida) is a species of marine fish of the family Pomacentridae.[2] It lives mostly in shallow, subtropical waters of the Atlantic Ocean, and is sometimes also known as the Cape Verde gregory, which is also a common name of Stegastes imbricatus.[3]

Description[change | change source]

Each fish has large eyes, with coloring that is black to brownish black with blue on the fins, and lighter colors on the bottom part of the body. Juveniles may have side stripes on their bodies as well. During their mating season, adults exhibit sexual dimorphism.[3]

Distribution and habitat[change | change source]

Canary damsels are commonly associated with reefs in subtropical areas, where individuals grow to around 15 cm in length, and feed mostly on algae and small invertebrates.[3][4] It is found in the eastern Atlantic Ocean, specifically near Macaronesia (Madeira, Azores, Savage Islands Canary Islands, Cape Verde) and Senegal[3] at depths to about 25 metres (82 ft).[1]

Canary damsels live in rocky areas, where they lay eggs that are defended by males. The young can be found along the coast, especially in tide pools.[5]

Relationship with humans[change | change source]

The Canary damsel is sometimes harvested for use in saltwater aquaria on a very small scale.[1] Its total population size is unknown and it faces no known threats from humans.[1] It is also found in many marine protected regions. This fact, together with a non-fragmented range, and no evidence of population decline, has led the IUCN to classify the Canary damsel as "Least Concern."[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Tighe, K. (2015). "Abudefduf luridus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2015: e.T188419A1872089. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T188419A1872089.en.
  2. Cooper, W. James; Albertson, R. Craig; Jacob, Richard E.; Westneat, Mark W. (2014). "Re-description and Reassignment of the Damselfish Abudefduf luridus (Cuvier, 1830) Using Both Traditional and Geometric Morphometric Approaches". Copeia. 2014 (3): 473–480. doi:10.1643/CI-13-074. S2CID 86728895.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2015). "Abudefduf luridus" in FishBase. February 2015 version.
  4. Reiner, F. (1996): Catálogo dos peixes do Arquipélago de Cabo Verde. Publicações avulsas do IPIMAR No. 2. 339 p.
  5. Quignard, J.-P. & Pras, A. (1986): Pomacentridae. p. 916-918. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L., Bauchot, J.-C., Hureau, J.N. & Tortonese, E. (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2.