|Sir Charles Fremantle|
|Born||1 June 1800|
|Died||25 May 1869|
|Commands held||HMS Challenger
|Awards||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath|
Early life[change | change source]
Fremantle was the son of Admiral Thomas Fremantle, a friend of Nelson. His mother was Elizabeth, the diarist. He was a nephew of William Henry Fremantle. His elder brother was Thomas Fremantle, 1st Baron Cottesloe. His middle name, Howe, is because his birth date was the anniversary of Lord Howe's victory over the French on the Glorious First of June in 1794. He joined the Royal Navy in 1812.
Fremantle was charged with raping a 15-year-old girl in April 1826. To avoid a scandal, his family paid off witnesses and put pressure on the judge. In August 1826 he was promoted to captain. In 1828 he was given command of the 26-gun frigate HMS Challenger, and sent to claim the west coast of Australia for the United Kingdom.
Career[change | change source]
HMS Challenger left the Cape of Good Hope on 20 March 1829.:p11 It arrived in Cockburn Sound on 2 May, and Fremantle went ashore at Garden Island. One week later, Fremantle raised the British flag at the mouth of the Swan River and claimed Western Australia for King George IV.:p11
The new lieutenant governor James Stirling arrived in Cockburn Sound on 2 June on the Parmelia, bring 69 new settlers. They planned to start a colony at the Swan River in Western Australia. On 8 June they were joined by 56 officers and men from the HMS Sulphur. On 17 June, Stirling read out loud a legal document which supported Fremantle's earlier proclamation. This was the beginning of the history of Western Australia as a British colony, and later as a state of federal Australia.
On his way back to England in September 1832, he made his second and final visit to the Swan River Colony.
Personal life[change | change source]
He married Isabella Wedderburn on 8 October 1836. They had three children:
- Emily Caroline Alexander (14 April 1838 – 10 February 1929). Married Reverend CL Alexander, Rector of Sturton-by-Bridge, Derbyshire.
- Celia Elizabeth McNeil (8 October 1840 – 15 February 1929). Married Canon EA McNeile, Vicar of St Pauls, Princes Park, Liverpool.
- Louisa Frances Fremantle (23 February 1843 – 20 March 1909).
Later life[change | change source]
He died in 1869 and is buried in Brompton Cemetery, London.
References[change | change source]
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:
- William Loney RN
- d'Anger, Jenny (25 August 2007). "Captain Cad: Fremantle a 'sadistic rapist'". Fremantle Herald. 18 (34). p. 1.
- The Western Australian Year Book No. 17, 1979. Australian Bureau of Statistics, Western Australian Office, 1979. ISSN 0083-8772.
- Silverman, David (1967). Pitcairn Island. Cleveland, Ohio: World Publishing Company. p. 119. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- Appleyard, R. T. and Manford, Toby (1979). The Beginning: European Discovery and Early Settlement of Swan River Western Australia, University of Western Australia Press. ISBN 0-85564-146-0.