Charles IV of Spain

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Charles IV
Carlos IV de rojo.jpg
A painting of Charles IV by Goya, 1789
King of Spain
Reign14 December 1788 –
19 March 1808
PredecessorCharles III
SuccessorFerdinand VII
Born11 November 1748
Palace of Portici, Portici, Naples
Died20 January 1819(1819-01-20) (aged 70)
Palazzo Barberini, Rome, Papal States
Burial
SpouseMaria Luisa of Parma
IssueCarlota Joaquina, Queen of Portugal and Brazil
Infanta María Amalia
María Luisa, Queen of Etruria
Ferdinand VII of Spain
Infante Carlos, Count of Molina
María Isabel, Queen of the Two Sicilies
Infante Francisco de Paula, Duke of Cadiz
Full name
Spanish: Carlos Antonio Pascual Francisco Javier Juan Nepomuceno José Januario Serafín Diego de Borbón y Sajonia
HouseBourbon
FatherCharles III of Spain
MotherMaria Amalia of Saxony
ReligionRoman Catholic
SignatureCharles IV's signature

Charles IV[a] (11 November 1748 – 20 January 1819) was King of Spain from 14 December 1788 until his abdication on 19 March 1808. Later that year, Joseph Bonaparte became king.

Marriage and children[change | change source]

Charles IV married his first cousin Princess Maria Luisa, the daughter of Philip, Duke of Parma, in 1765. The couple had fourteen children, six of whom survived into adulthood:

Titles and styles[change | change source]

  • 11 November 1748 – 10 August 1759 His Royal Highness the Prince of Taranto
  • 10 August 1759 – 14 December 1788 His Royal Highness the Prince of Asturias
  • 14 December 1788 – 19 March 1808 His Majesty the King
  • 19 March 1808 – 20 January 1819 His Majesty King Carlos

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Full name: Carlos Antonio Pascual Francisco Javier Juan Nepomuceno José Januario Serafín Diego de Borbón y Sajonia