Chihuahua (dog)

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Sable and white chihuahua with long hair
Other namesChihuahua
Common nicknamesChi, Chi-chi
OriginChihuahua Mexico
Weight Male 1.8–2.7 kg (4–6 lb)
Female 1.8–2.7 kg (4–6 lb)
Height Male 15–25 cm (6–10 in)
Female 15–25 cm (6–10 in)
Coat Short-haired (smooth coat) and long-coat
Color white, black, tan and many other colors
Litter size usually 2–5
Life span 12–20 years
Classification / standards
FCI Group 9, Section 6 Chihuahua #218 standard
AKC Toy dog standard
ANKC Group 1 (Toys) [Smooth Stds
Long standard]
CKC Group 5 – Toys standard
KC (UK) Toy [Smooth Stds
Long standard]
NZKC Toy [Smooth Stds
Long standard]
UKC Companion Breeds standard
Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)

A chihuahua is a very small kind of dog and is bred to be a pet.

Appearance[change | change source]

They can reach a height of 6-9 inches (12.7–20.3 cm) and a weight of 2–6 pounds (0.9–2.7 kg). Chihuahuas can have a long or short coat, and come in many different colors. These are black, white, beige, brown, and dark brown. They only need grooming once a week if short coat or it may be twice if you have a long coat. Chihuahuas can have up to six puppies because of their small bodies.

Origins[change | change source]

The Chihuahua's start goes back to Mexico as the descendants of the Techichi, a long haired and silent dog. The Techichi was liked by the Toltec people, one of the indigenous (original) people of Mexico. Chihuahuas are believed to have been made by breeding the Techichi and Chinese Crested Dogs (a type of small hairless dog) to form today's Chihuahuas.

Another possible start for Chihuahuas was the breeding of Techichis with Spanish terriers, which were well liked at the time and were known for their small body and black and tan colors. Mating with another type of dog increased the loudness of the Techichi's bark while making it smaller.

Chihuahuas were named after the Chihuahua state in Mexico. The word Chihuahua comes from the Na'huatl word "xicuagua", which means "sandy, dry place".