Colby, Kansas

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Colby, Kansas
Thomas County Courthouse (2014)
Thomas County Courthouse (2014)
Location within Thomas County and Kansas
Location within Thomas County and Kansas
KDOT map of Thomas County (legend)
Coordinates: 39°23′32″N 101°2′51″W / 39.39222°N 101.04750°W / 39.39222; -101.04750Coordinates: 39°23′32″N 101°2′51″W / 39.39222°N 101.04750°W / 39.39222; -101.04750
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyThomas
Founded1885
Incorporated1886
Named forJ.R. Colby
Area
 • Total3.38 sq mi (8.75 km2)
 • Land3.38 sq mi (8.75 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
3,156 ft (962 m)
Population
 • Total5,387
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
5,418
 • Density1,600/sq mi (620/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
67701
Area code785
FIPS code20-14650 [4]
GNIS ID0471203 [5]
Websitecityofcolby.com

Colby is a city in Thomas County, Kansas, United States. It is also the county seat of Thomas County.[6] In 2010, 5,387 people lived there.[7]

History[change | change source]

Interstate 70 reached Colby in 1965. This created growth for a local hospitality industry.[8]

Geography[change | change source]

Colby is at 39°23′32″N 101°02′51″W / 39.392093°N 101.047532°W / 39.392093; -101.047532 (39.392093, -101.047532). It has an elevation of 3,159 feet (963 m).[5][9] It is on the south side of Prairie Dog Creek. Prairie Dog Creek is a tributary of the Republican River. It is in the High Plains region of the Great Plains.[10] A small tributary of the creek flows northeast through the town.[11] It is at the interchange of Interstate 70 and K-25 in northwestern Kansas. Colby is 212 mi (341 km) east-southeast of Denver, 232 mi (373 km) northwest of Wichita, and 347 mi (558 km) west of Kansas City.[10][12]

The United States Census Bureau says that the city has a total area of 3.38 square miles (8.75 km2). It is all land.[1]

Climate[change | change source]

The hottest temperature recorded in Colby was 113 °F (45 °C) in 2012. The coldest temperature recorded was -32 °F (-36 °C) in 1989.[13]

Climate data for Colby, Kansas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 77
(25)
81
(27)
90
(32)
98
(37)
103
(39)
113
(45)
109
(43)
106
(41)
104
(40)
97
(36)
85
(29)
83
(28)
113
(45)
Average high °F (°C) 42
(6)
46
(8)
54
(12)
65
(18)
74
(23)
85
(29)
91
(33)
89
(32)
81
(27)
68
(20)
53
(12)
43
(6)
66
(19)
Daily mean °F (°C) 29
(−2)
32
(0)
40
(4)
50
(10)
61
(16)
71
(22)
77
(25)
75
(24)
66
(19)
52
(11)
39
(4)
30
(−1)
52
(11)
Average low °F (°C) 15
(−9)
18
(−8)
26
(−3)
35
(2)
47
(8)
57
(14)
63
(17)
61
(16)
50
(10)
36
(2)
25
(−4)
16
(−9)
37
(3)
Record low °F (°C) −24
(−31)
−22
(−30)
−22
(−30)
5
(−15)
20
(−7)
33
(1)
42
(6)
40
(4)
21
(−6)
7
(−14)
−8
(−22)
−32
(−36)
−32
(−36)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.41
(10)
0.50
(13)
1.12
(28)
2.03
(52)
3.29
(84)
2.54
(65)
3.77
(96)
2.78
(71)
1.45
(37)
1.58
(40)
0.72
(18)
0.48
(12)
20.67
(526)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 4.8
(12)
4.5
(11)
6.7
(17)
3.4
(8.6)
0.1
(0.25)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.76)
1.4
(3.6)
4.0
(10)
3.9
(9.9)
29.1
(73.11)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 3.7 3.6 6.2 6.5 10.4 8.5 9.0 7.1 5.6 4.4 4.0 3.2 72.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 3.4 2.6 3.1 1.6 0.1 0 0 0 0.1 0.5 2.5 2.9 16.8
Source: National Climatic Data Center;[14] The Weather Channel[13]

People[change | change source]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890516
190064124.2%
19101,13076.3%
19201,114−1.4%
19302,15393.3%
19402,45814.2%
19503,85957.0%
19604,2109.1%
19704,65810.6%
19805,54419.0%
19905,396−2.7%
20005,4501.0%
20105,387−1.2%
Est. 20165,419[3]0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[change | change source]

In 2010, there were 5,387 people, 2,211 households, and 1,320 families living in Colby.[2]

Government[change | change source]

Colby has a mayor-council form of government. The mayor rules over the city council. The mayor has final approval over rules the council passes. The mayor shares responsibility for creating policy and approving the city budget with the council. With the council's consent, the mayor chooses all members of the city boards and. The city council has eight members elected by ward every four years. The city manager is hired by the council. The city manager is responsible for preparing the budget, administering day-to-day operations, and managing city government people.[15]

Education[change | change source]

Colleges and universities[change | change source]

Primary and secondary education[change | change source]

Colby Public Schools (Unified School District 315) has four public schools in the city:[16]

There are also two private schools in Colby:

  • Sacred Heart Catholic School (Pre-K-5).[17]
  • Heartland Christian School (K-12).[18]

Transportation[change | change source]

Interstate 70 runs east–west south of Colby. U.S. Route 24 runs east–west through the city. It intersects K-25, which runs north–south.

Colby Municipal Airport is n K-25. It is about 2 miles (3 km) north of the city.

Media[change | change source]

The Colby Free Press is Colby's local newspaper. It publishes four days per week.[19] In addition, Colby Community College publishes a bi-weekly student newspaper, the Trojan Express.[20]

Colby is a center of broadcast media for northwestern Kansas. One AM and four FM stations are licensed to the city.[21] Colby is in the Wichita-Hutchinson television market.[22]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2012-07-06. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. 5.0 5.1 "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved March 27, 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  8. "Thomas County - History & Overview (County Info)". Colby Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on 2014-07-04. Retrieved 2009-11-19. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  9. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "2003-2004 Official Transportation Map" (PDF). Kansas Department of Transportation. 2003. Retrieved 2011-06-30.
  11. "City of Colby" (PDF). Kansas Department of Transportation. 2010-08-01. Retrieved 2011-06-30.
  12. "City Distance Tool". Geobytes. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Average weather for Colby, Kansas". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2010-02-28.
  14. Cite error: The named reference NCDC was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  15. "Administration & Governing Body". Colby, KS - Official Website. City of Colby. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
  16. "Colby Public Schools". Colby Public Schools. Retrieved 2009-12-12.
  17. "Sacred Heart Catholic School". Sacred Heart Catholic Church. Retrieved 2015-07-10.
  18. "Heartland Christian School History". Heartland Christian School. Retrieved 2015-07-10.
  19. "Record Details - Colby Free Press". Kansas Press Association. Retrieved 2013-08-09.
  20. "Record Details - Trojan Express". Kansas Press Association. Retrieved 2013-08-09.
  21. "Radio Stations in Colby, Kansas". Radio-Locator. Retrieved 2013-08-09.
  22. "TV Market Maps". EchoStar Knowledge Base. Archived from the original on 2008-08-20. Retrieved 2011-05-28. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)

Other websites[change | change source]

City
Schools
Maps