# Convex function

Convex function on an interval.
A function (in black) is convex if and only if the region above its graph (in green) is a convex set.

In mathematics, a convex function is any function with value of the weighted average of 2 points is less than or equal to the weighted average of the function at those points. Also, a function is convex if and only if its epigraph is a convex set.

## Examples

Three examples are:

• A line: ${\displaystyle f(x)=x}$
• A parabola: ${\displaystyle f(x)=x^{2}}$
• Absolute value: ${\displaystyle f(x)=|x|}$