From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Plate of croissants
A ham and cheese croissant

The croissant is a type of bread shaped like a crescent moon. It is usually eaten for breakfast in various countries. It can be called a crescent[1] or a crescent roll. Although a crescent roll may be smaller.[2] It is made of a variant of puff pastry. A croissant can be eaten with savory or sweet fillings.

History[change | change source]

Breads shaped like crescents have been around since the Medieval times. Before the croissant, there was a version of the croissant called a "feteer meshaltet". It came from Egypt. Many years later, a crescent-shaped version of feteer meshaltet was made. It was called "feteer halali" (crescent feteer). The feteer halali became popular throughout Europe, especially France. Later, feteer halali became known as a croissant.[3][4][5]

Croissants used to be only available to aristocrats. Marie Antoinette is believed to have introduced it to the French elites.[6] Now they are available in any supermarkets.

References[change | change source]

  1. Oxford English Dictionary, s.v. crescent.
  2. Williamson, Charles Norris (1906). Rosemary: A Christmas Story. A.L. Burt. p. 43. On a small table at her side a tray had been left, with the remains of dejeuner; a jug stained brown with streaks of coffee; a crumbled crescent roll...
  3. عبدالقادر, اسراء (June 8, 2017). "حكاية أكلة.."الفطير المشلتت" من قرابين لآلهة الفراعنة لأكلة "الصباحية"". اليوم السابع. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  4. Amira (May 24, 2013). "Egyptian Feteer Meshaltet". Amira's Pantry. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
  5. Marzouk, Sarah (February 12, 2017). "A Brief History of Fiteer, Egypt's Pizza-Like Pastry". The Culture Trip. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
  6. Fiegl, Amanda. "Is the Croissant Really French?". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved 2020-08-12.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to croissant at Wikimedia Commons