The Cuba Revolution was an armed revolt in the mid 1950's. It was led by Fidel Castro against the government of Fulgencio Batista. The revolt took place between 1953 and 1959. Batista was finally removed from office on January 1, 1959. He was replaced by a revolutionary government led by Fidel. This government changed along communist lines, and became the Communist Party of Cuba in October 1965.
The revolt began with the assault on the Moncada Barracks on July 26, 1953. It ended on December 31st, 1958, when Batista was forced to leave the country and Santa Clara and Santiago de Cuba were taken by rebels. Che Guevara and Fidel Castro, Raúl Castro and Huber Matos led the rebels. Guevara led the group at Santa Clara. Raúl Castro and Matos led the rebels at Santiago de Cuba. Castro used guerilla warfare methods.
The United States of America tried to sabotage the new government (Led by Fidel Castro) by sending in outcasts from Cuba. These outcasts were outlawed by their own home. The U.S tried to send them and more soldiers to the Bay of Pigs to try and create a surprise attack. Somehow, Fidel Castro got wind of their attack and sent his army to the bay to fight. The U.S's army was outnumbered and faced defeat. Many soldiers were captured and killed in public. This was one of the U.S's most embarrassing failures yet.