Fulgencio Batista

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Fulgencio Batista
Fulgencio Batista, 1938.jpg
Batista in 1938
9th and 12th President of Cuba
In office
October 10, 1940 – October 10, 1944
Vice PresidentGustavo Cuervo Rubio
Preceded byFederico Laredo Brú
Succeeded byRamón Grau
In office
March 10, 1952 – January 1, 1959
Preceded byCarlos Prío
Succeeded byAnselmo Alliegro y Milá
Personal details
Rubén Zaldívar

(1901-01-16)January 16, 1901
Banes, Cuba
DiedAugust 6, 1973(1973-08-06) (aged 72)
Marbella, Spain
Political partyDemocratic Socialist Coalition(1940 election)
United Action Party
Progressive Action Party (1950s)
Spouse(s)Elisa Godinez Gomez de Batista(1926-1946)
Marta Fernandez Miranda de Batista(1946-1973)
ChildrenMirta Caridad Batista Godínez
Elisa Aleida Batista Godínez
Fulgencio Rubén Batista Godínez
Jorge Batista Fernández
Roberto Francisco Batista Fernández
Carlos Batista Fernández
Fulgencio José Batista Fernández
Fermina Lázara Batista Estévez
OccupationMilitary, politician
Military service
Allegiance Cuba
Years of service1921–1940
Batista's soldiers executing a rebel by firing squad in 1956

Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar (January 16, 1901 – August 6, 1973) was the military leader of Cuba from 1933 to 1940. He was a farm worker from eastern Cuba, and moved to Havana where he became a stenographer and a sergeant in the Army. He became a leader of a group of sergeants who wanted better pay, and ended up commanding the Army.

Batista was President of Cuba from 1940 to 1944. In 1940 he won the election. He then became the country's leader from 1952 to 1959. In 1952 he did a coup. His authoritarian government during this time caused opposition despite his attempt to placate critics with a 'show' election in 1954 were he ran without opposition. The opposition included the entire coalition that had overthrown President Gerardo Machado. Fidel Castro's guerrilla movement overthrew Batista. This is known as the Cuban Revolution. Batista fled Cuba on January 1, 1959 and went to the Dominican Republic before moving on to Portugal, and finally to Spain where he died of a heart attack in 1973.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Cuba". www.worldstatesmen.org.