Dax, Landes

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Dax
La Fontaine Chaude
Coat of arms of Dax
Coat of arms
Dax is located in France
Dax
Dax
Location within Nouvelle-Aquitaine region
Dax is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Dax
Dax
Coordinates: 43°43′N 1°03′W / 43.71°N 1.05°W / 43.71; -1.05Coordinates: 43°43′N 1°03′W / 43.71°N 1.05°W / 43.71; -1.05
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentLandes
ArrondissementDax
CantonDax-1 and 2
IntercommunalityGrand Dax
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Gabriel Bellocq
Area
1
19.70 km2 (7.61 sq mi)
Population
(2015)2
20,683
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
40088 /40100
Elevation2–46 m (6.6–150.9 ft)
(avg. 9 m or 30 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Dax (Dacs in Gascon) is a commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in south-western France, sub-prefecture of the Landes department. It is also the capital of the arrondissement of Dax and of 2 cantons in the department: Dax-1 and Dax-2.

It is well-known spa town, specialising in mud treatment for rheumatism and similar medical problems.

History[change | change source]

Dax was first established by the Romans, and its name was Civitas Aquensium. In the Middle Ages, it was administered by viscounts until 1177. when Henry II Plantagenet, later King of England, got the Aquitaine. Dax remained under the English rule until 1451, when it was conquered by the French troops before the end of the Hundred Years' War.

Geography[change | change source]

Dax is, in straight line, at about 30 km (19 mi) from the beaches of southern Landes, 45 km (28 mi) from Bayonne, 150 km (93 mi) from Bordeaux, 50 km (31 mi) from Mont-de-Marsan and 80 km (50 mi) from Pau.

The commune has an area of 19.7 km2 (7.6 sq mi),[1] and its average altitude is 24 m (79 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 13 m (43 ft).[2]

Dax and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Dax

The city of Dax is mainly on the left side of the Adour river.

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of Dax is Marine West Coast Climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb), with mild winters and warm summers.[3]

Population[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Dax are known, in French, as Dacquois (women: Dacquoises).[4]

With a population of 20,485,[5] Dax has a population density of 1,040 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Dax

Dax forms, with 12 other communes, the urban area of Dax with a population of 49,853 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 208.3 km2 (80.4 sq mi).[6] This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Dax, formed by 31 communes, with a population of 64,937 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 520.4 km2 (200.9 sq mi).[7]

Administration[change | change source]

Dax is a subprefecture of the Landes department since 1800. It is also the capital of the arrondissement of Dax and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of two cantons:[8]

  1. Dax-1, formed with a part of Dax and ten other communes, with 24,887 inhabitants (2014).
  2. Dax-2, formed with a part of Dax and nine other communes, with 29,536 inhabitants (2014).

Twin towns[change | change source]

Dax is twinned with:

Sites of interest[change | change source]

  • Cathedral of Notre-Dame Ste-Marie
  • Church of Saint-Vincent-de-Xaintes
  • Fontaine Chaude ("Hot Fountain")

People from or related to Dax[change | change source]

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Commune de Dax (40088)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  2. "City of Dax". Map-France.com. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
  3. "Ville de Dax". Annuaire-Mairie.fr (in French). Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  4. "Dax (40100)" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
  5. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  6. "Unité urbaine de Dax (40402)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  7. "Aire urbaine de Dax (128)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  8. "Commune de Dax (40088)". Géographie administrative et d’étude (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 6 May 2017.

Other websites[change | change source]