|The Right Honourable
The Lord Healey
CH MBE PC FRSL
|Deputy Leader of the Labour Party|
4 November 1980 – 2 October 1983
|Preceded by||Michael Foot|
|Succeeded by||Roy Hattersley|
|Shadow Foreign Secretary|
8 December 1980 – 13 July 1987
|Preceded by||Peter Shore|
|Succeeded by||Gerald Kaufman|
20 June 1970 – 19 April 1972
|Preceded by||Sir Alec Douglas-Home|
|Succeeded by||James Callaghan|
11 October 1959 – 2 November 1961
|Preceded by||Aneurin Bevan|
|Succeeded by||Harold Wilson|
|Chancellor of the Exchequer|
5 March 1974 – 4 May 1979
|Prime Minister||Harold Wilson
|Preceded by||Anthony Barber|
|Succeeded by||Sir Geoffrey Howe|
|Secretary of State for Defence|
16 October 1964 – 19 June 1970
|Prime Minister||Harold Wilson|
|Preceded by||Peter Thorneycroft|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Carrington|
|Member of Parliament
for Leeds East
26 May 1955 – 9 April 1992
|Preceded by||Constituency Created|
|Succeeded by||George Mudie|
|Member of Parliament
for Leeds South East
14 February 1952 – 26 May 1955
|Preceded by||James Milner|
|Succeeded by||Alice Bacon|
|Born||30 August 1917
Mottingham, Kent, England
|Died||3 October 2015
Alfriston, East Sussex, England
(m. 1945–2010; her death)
|Alma mater||Balliol College, Oxford|
|Service/branch|| British Army
• Royal Engineers
|Years of service||1940–1945|
|Battles/wars||World War II
• North African Campaign
• Italian Campaign
• Battle of Anzio
Denis Winston Healey, Baron Healey CH, MBE, PC (30 August 1917 – 3 October 2015) was a British Labour politician. He was Secretary of State for Defence from 1964 to 1970 and Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1974 to 1979.
Early life[change | change source]
Healey was born in Mottingham, Kent, and moved with his family to Keighley in the West Riding of Yorkshire when he was five years old. He was given the middle name "Winston" after Winston Churchill, who was an important politician at the time Denis was born. Healey was one of three children. Their father was an engineer who had worked his way up by taking extra lessons at night school.
Healey went to Bradford Grammar School, and in 1936 he won a type of scholarship known as an "exhibition", which gave him enough money to take a degree at Balliol College, Oxford. At Oxford University he got involved in politics, and he joined the Communist Party of Great Britain in 1937. In 1939, not liking the party's policies, he changed his mind. From that time on, he supported the Labour Party, even though one of his best friends at university, Edward Heath, supported the Conservative Party.
Political career[change | change source]
After getting his degree, Healey joined the Royal Engineers, and served in the British forces in several countries during World War II. He took an important part in the Battle of Anzio, towards the end of the war. After the war, he joined the Labour Party, and made an important speech to the Labour Party conference in 1945, shortly before the United Kingdom general election, 1945.
In February 1952, Healey became the Member of Parliament for Leeds South East. He supported Hugh Gaitskell, the leader of the Labour Party. When Gaitskell died in 1963, Healey became a supporter of Harold Wilson. When Labour won the 1964 election Healey was given the job of Secretary of State for Defence. Labour lost power in 1970, but Healey was given the job of Shadow Chancellor in April 1972.
When Labour won a general election in March 1974 and came back into power, Healey became Chancellor of the Exchequer in March 1974. When Harold Wilson resigned as Prime Minister in 1976, Healey was one of those who hoped to take over, but he was not chosen. He continued in the job of Chancellor of the Exchequer when James Callaghan took over as Prime Minister.
Personal life[change | change source]
On 14 June 1978, Healey likened being attacked by the mild-mannered Geoffrey Howe in the House of Commons to being "savaged by a dead sheep". Nevertheless, Howe appeared and paid warm tribute when Healey was featured on This Is Your Life in 1989. The two remained friends for many years, with Howe dying only a few days after Healey, in 2015.
Healy died at his home in Alfriston, Sussex on 3 October 2015 from a short-illness, aged 98..
References[change | change source]
- Mark Hookham (03-12-2008). "Denis Healey: 'The best Prime Minister we never had'". Yorkshire Evening Post. http://www.yorkshireeveningpost.co.uk/features/Denis-Healey-The-best-Prime.4755451.jp. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- Kaufman, Gerald (13 March 2000). "Debates for 13 Mar 2000 (pt 20)". Hansard (London: House of Commons). http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm199900/cmhansrd/vo000313/debtext/00313-20.htm. Retrieved 31 January 2009.
- "ECONOMIC SITUATION, HC Deb 14 June 1978 vol 951 cc1013-142". millbanksystems.com. http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1978/jun/14/economic-situation#S5CV0951P0_19780614_HOC_159.
- "Labour's Denis Healey dies at 98". BBC News.com. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-34434378. Retrieved 3 October 2015.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Denis Healey at the Internet Movie Database
- Births England and Wales 1837–1983
- Interview about nuclear strategy in Europe for the WGBH-TV series, War and Peace in the Nuclear Age, 1986
- The old bruiser who remained the boy next door, William Keegan, The Observer, 3 December 2006, interview and retrospective
- Denis Healey at 90, Elinor Goodman, BBC News, 30 March 2007
- "Desert Island Discs". Desert Island Discs. BBC News. Radio 4. 14 June 2009.
- Denis Winston Healey, Baron Healey (1917–), Politician: Sitter in 11 portraits (National Portrait Gallery)