Dissociation (psychology)

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Dissociation in psychology is an experience that involves a detachment/separation from reality. It is different from psychosis, psychosis is a loss of reality.[1][2][3][4] It can describe many things. The mildest form of it involves things such as daydreaming. A less mild form of it involves altered states of consciousness. This is non-pathological, meaning it is not considered a disorder or mental illness.[5][6][7] These forms are often a coping mechanism or defense mechanism. This means that they protect against stress.

When it becomes disruptive in a person's life, it becomes a mental illness. These mental illnesses are known as dissociative disorders. These include dissociative fugue, depersonalization-derealization disorder (DPDR), and dissociative identity disorder.[8][9] They can be triggered by trauma, stress, drugs, or no known reason.[10] Sometimes other mental illnesses can involve dissociation. These include acute stress disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and borderline personality disorder.[11]

References[change | change source]

  1. Dell, Paul F. (2006-03-01). "A New Model of Dissociative Identity Disorder". Psychiatric Clinics of North America. Dissociative Disorders: An Expanding Window into the Psychobiology of the Mind. 29 (1): 1–26. doi:10.1016/j.psc.2005.10.013. ISSN 0193-953X. PMID 16530584.
  2. Butler, L. D.; Duran, R. E.; Jasiukaitis, P.; Koopman, C.; Spiegel, D. (1996-08-01). "In this issue of The American Journal of Psychiatry". American Journal of Psychiatry. 153 (8): 42–63. doi:10.1176/ajp.153.8.A42. ISSN 0002-953X. PMID 8659641.
  3. Gleaves, David H; May, Mary C; Cardeña, Etzel (2001-06-01). "An examination of the diagnostic validity of dissociative identity disorder". Clinical Psychology Review. 21 (4): 577–608. doi:10.1016/S0272-7358(99)00073-2. ISSN 0272-7358. PMID 11413868.
  4. PhD, Paul F. Dell (2006-06-05). "The Multidimensional Inventory of Dissociation (MID): A Comprehensive Measure of Pathological Dissociation". Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 7 (2): 77–106. doi:10.1300/J229v07n02_06. ISSN 1529-9732. PMID 16769667. S2CID 16510383.
  5. Dell, Paul F.; O'Neil, John A., eds. (2010-11-01). Dissociation and the Dissociative Disorders. doi:10.4324/9780203893920. ISBN 9781135906030.
  6. Dissociation : clinical and theoretical perspectives. Lynn, Steven J., Rhue, Judith W. New York: Guilford Press. 1994. ISBN 0-89862-186-0. OCLC 30354398.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  7. Gabbard, Glen O. (August 1998). "Book Review: TRAUMATIC STRESS: THE EFFECTS OF OVERWHELMING EXPERIENCE ON MIND, BODY, AND SOCIETY. Edited by Bessel A. Van der Kolk, Alexander C. McFarlane, and Lars Weisaeth. New York: Guilford Press, 1996, 596 pp., $55.00". Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association. 46 (4): 1319–1320. doi:10.1177/00030651980460040502. ISSN 0003-0651. S2CID 144734488.
  8. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders : DSM-5. American Psychiatric Association., American Psychiatric Association. DSM-5 Task Force. (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association. 2013. ISBN 978-0-89042-554-1. OCLC 830807378.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  9. Schacter, Daniel; Gilbert, Daniel; Wegner, Daniel; Hood, Bruce (2016). Psychology. doi:10.1007/978-1-137-40673-6. ISBN 978-1-137-40674-3.
  10. Simeon, Daphne, 1958- (2006). Feeling unreal : depersonalization disorder and the loss of the self. Abugel, Jeffrey. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-517022-9. OCLC 61123091.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  11. American Psychiatric Association (2013-05-22). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. American Psychiatric Association. doi:10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596. ISBN 978-0-89042-555-8.