Drosophila subobscura

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Drosophila subobscura
Drosophila (Sophophora) subobscura (male) collage.jpg
Five images of a Drosophila subobscura (male) on a rotting squash
Scientific classification
Species group:
Species subgroup:
D. subobscura
Binomial name
Drosophila subobscura
Collin, 1936

Drosophila subobscura is a species of fruit fly in the family Drosophilidae. It was originally found around the Mediterranean, but it has spread to most of Europe and the Near East. It has been introduced into the west coasts of Canada, the United States, and Chile. [1]

Study organism for evolutionary biology[change | change source]

Dobzhansky in 1945

D. subobscura, among others in its species group, is a model organism for evolutionary-biological studies. Its genetics and ecology have been studied for over forty years.[2] D. subobscura is frequently used in evolutionary-biological studies.[3][4][5][6][7]

They have served as favorable models ever since Dobzhansky and his colleagues published their influential works in the 1930s and 40s.[8][9] From its discovery in the Palearctic realm to its colonization of North and South America, it has attracted the interests of scientists. It has provided evidence of its evolution, biology, and ecology.[10]

References[change | change source]

  1. Ayala, Francisco J.; Serra, Luis; Prevosti, Antonio (1989). "A grand experiment in evolution: The Drosophila subobscura colonization of the Americas". Genome. 31: 246–255. doi:10.1139/g89-042.
  2. Krimbas, C.B. & Loukas,M.(1980) Inversion Polymorphism of Drosophila subobscura Evol.Biol.12,163-234.
  3. Santos, M.; Iriarte, P. F.; Céspedes, W.; Balanyà, J.; Fontdevila, A.; Serra, L. (2004). "Santos M, Iriarte PF, Céspedes W, Balanyà J, Fontdevila A, Serra L. Swift laboratory thermal evolution of wing shape (but not size) in Drosophila subobscura and its relationship with chromosomal inversion polymorphism. J Evol Biol. 2004;17:841–55". Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 17 (4): 841–55. doi:10.1111/j.1420-9101.2004.00721.x. PMID 15271084.
  4. Matos, Margarida; Simões, Pedro; Duarte, Ana; Rego, Carla; Avelar, Teresa; Rose, Michael R. (2004). "Matos M, Simões P, Duarte A, Rego C, Avelar T, Rose MR. Convergence to a novel environment: comparative method versus experimental evolution. Evolution. 2004;58:1503–10". Evolution. 58 (7): 1503–1510. JSTOR 3449375.
  5. Simões, P.; Santos, J.; Fragata, I.; Mueller, L. D.; Rose, M. R.; Matos, M. (2008). "Simões P, Santos J, Fragata I, Mueller LD, Rose MR, Matos M. How repeatable is adaptive evolution? The role of geographical origin and founder effects in laboratory adaptation. Evolution. 2008;62:1817–29". Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution. 62 (8): 1817–29. doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2008.00423.x. PMID 18489721.
  6. Zivanovic, G.; Mestres, F. (2011). "Zivanovic G, Mestres F. Changes in chromosomal polymorphism and global warming: The case of Drosophila subobscura from Apatin (Serbia) Genet Mol Biol. 2011;34:489–95". Genetics and Molecular Biology. 34 (3): 489–495. doi:10.1590/S1415-47572011000300020. PMC 3168192. PMID 21931524.
  7. Dolgova, O.; Rego, C.; Calabria, G.; Balanyà, J.; Pascual, M.; Rezende, E. L.; Santos, M. (2010). "Dolgova O, Rego C, Calabria G, Balanyà J, Pascual M, Rezende EL, et al. Genetic constraints for thermal coadaptation in Drosophila subobscura. BMC Evol Biol. 2010;10:363". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 10: 363. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-10-363. PMC 3003277. PMID 21108788.
  8. King, Robert (2012-12-06). Dobzhansky T, Powell JR: Drosophila pseudoobscura and its American relatives, D. persimilis and D. miranda. Hand Book of Genetics. Edited by: King RC. 1975, New York: Plenum, 3: 537-587. ISBN 9781461571483.
  9. Powell JR. Progress and Prospects in Evolutionary Biology: The Drosophila Model. 1997, New York: Oxford Univ Press.
  10. Powell JR & Krimbas, C.B., Drosophila Inversion Polymorphism / Edition 1.