Edith Stein

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Teresa Benedicta of the Cross
Saint Edith Stein.jpg
Saint and Martyr
Born12 October 1891
Breslau, German Empire
Died9 August 1942
Auschwitz
Honored inRoman Catholic Church
Beatified1 May 1987, Cologne, Federal Republic of Germany by Pope John Paul II
Canonized11 October 1998, St. Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II
FeastAugust 9

Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (12 October 1891 – 9 August 1942), commonly known as Edith Stein, is a Catholic Saint and martyr. Stein was a Jew at birth but converted to Catholicism in 1922. Eleven years later, in 1933, she became a nun. She was a victim of the Holocaust; she was executed by Nazis in a gas chamber at Auschwitz in 1942.[1][2][3]

She was one of the most important philosophers on Earth during her adult life.[1] Her work focused on phenomenology and the views of metaphysics held by Thomas Aquinas.[1]

After her death, she has been honored by the Roman Catholic Church. On 1 May 1987, Pope John Paul II beatified Stein while visiting Cologne.[4] About eleven years later, on 11 October 1998, Pope John Paul II canonized her.[1][2][3][5]

Sources[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Szanto, Thomas; Moran, Dermot (18 March 2020). "Edith Stein". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "St. Edith Stein - Saints & Angels". Catholic Online. Retrieved 2021-09-30.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Luebering, J.E., ed. (8 October 2020). "Edith Stein". Encyclopedia Britannica.
  4. Holy See. "Teresa Benedict of the Cross Edith Stein (1891-1942): nun, Discalced Carmelite, martyr". Vatican.va.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  5. Pope John Paul II (11 October 1998). Homily of John Paul II for the canonization of Edith Stein (Speech). https://www.vatican.va/content/john-paul-ii/en/homilies/1998/documents/hf_jp-ii_hom_11101998_stein.html.