Teresa Benedicta of the Cross
|Saint and Martyr|
|Born||12 October 1891|
Breslau, German Empire
|Died||9 August 1942|
|Honored in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||1 May 1987, Cologne, Federal Republic of Germany by Pope John Paul II|
|Canonized||11 October 1998, St. Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II|
Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (12 October 1891 – 9 August 1942), commonly known as Edith Stein, is a Catholic Saint and martyr. Stein was a Jew at birth but converted to Catholicism in 1922. Eleven years later, in 1933, she became a nun. She was a victim of the Holocaust; she was executed by Nazis in a gas chamber at Auschwitz in 1942.
After her death, she has been honored by the Roman Catholic Church. On 1 May 1987, Pope John Paul II beatified Stein while visiting Cologne. About eleven years later, on 11 October 1998, Pope John Paul II canonized her.
Sources[change | change source]
- Szanto, Thomas; Moran, Dermot (18 March 2020). "Edith Stein". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
- "St. Edith Stein - Saints & Angels". Catholic Online. Retrieved 2021-09-30.
- Luebering, J.E., ed. (8 October 2020). "Edith Stein". Encyclopedia Britannica.
- Holy See. "Teresa Benedict of the Cross Edith Stein (1891-1942): nun, Discalced Carmelite, martyr". Vatican.va.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Pope John Paul II (11 October 1998). Homily of John Paul II for the canonization of Edith Stein (Speech). https://www.vatican.va/content/john-paul-ii/en/homilies/1998/documents/hf_jp-ii_hom_11101998_stein.html.