Edward Williams Clay

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This is a cartoon of Jim Crow which was made by Edward Williams Clay. It was believed to be made around the year 1832 but the exact date isn't known.

Edward Williams Clay (April 17, 1799 - December 31, 1857)[1] was an American artist. He made a lot of different types of art. He made paintings and cartoons. He was also a printmaker.[2]

Early life[change | change source]

Edward Williams Clay was born in the year 1799. He was born in the city Philadelphia in the state of Pennsylvania in the United States. His father was a sea captain. His name was Robert Clay. His mother was named Eliza Williams.[1] Clay went to law school. He joined the Pennsylvania Bar Association.[2] He became an engraver when he was in school.[1] He didn't work as a lawyer very long. He decided to quit and become an artist for a living.[2]

Work as an artist[change | change source]

Clay went to Europe during the years 1825 until 1828. He studied art there.[1] After he came back to America, he made a collection of drawings called Life in Philadelphia.[3] The drawings show racism against African American people who lived in Philadelphia.[4] In the year 1831, he started making political cartoons. He made jokes about Andrew Jackson in a drawing called "The Rats Leave a Falling House".[1] He moved to New York City in 1837.[2] He made art for magazines and books, and also made drawings for sheet music.[1]

Later life and death[change | change source]

He started to go blind and had to stop making art. He moved to Delaware and worked for the state government until he moved back to New York City in 1856. He became sick and died of tuberculosis in 1857. He is buried in Christ Church Burial Ground in Philadelphia.[1] His artwork is owned by The Library Company of Philadelphia[3] and the Library of Congress.[5]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 "Clay, E. W. (Edward W.)". Digital Collections. The Library Company of Philadelphia. http://lcpdams.librarycompany.org:8881/R/?func=dbin-jump-full&object_id=79009&local_base=GEN01. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Biography for Edward Clay". Edward Williams Clay (1799 - 1857). AskArt. http://www.askart.com/AskART/artists/biography.aspx?artist=102272. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Road to Philadelphy". The Library Company of Philadelphia. World Digital Library. http://www.wdl.org/en/item/9258/. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  4. "Edward W. Clay and "Life in Philadelphia"". William L. Clements Library. University of Michigan. http://www.clements.umich.edu/exhibits/online/colorline/life.html. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  5. "America / E.W.C.". Prints & Photographs Online Catalog. Library of Congress. http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2003690759/. Retrieved 3 January 2014.