Egyptian Army

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Egyptian Army
Flag of the Army of Egypt.svg
Egyptian Army insignia
Active
Country  Egypt
Type Army
Role Land warfare
Size 310,000 active[1]
March "We painted the face of our nation on our hearts." (Arabic: رسمنا على القلب وجه الوطن‎, rasamna ala al qalb wagh al watan)
Commanders
Second Field Army Major General Mohammed el-Shahat
Third Field Army Major General Osama Askar

The Egyptian Army is the largest service branch in the Egyptian Armed Forces. The modern army was started by Muhammad Ali Pasha (1805–1849), the founder of modern Egypt.

The most significant engagements by this army in the 20th century were in Egypt's five wars with the State of Israel (in 1948, 1956, 1967, 1967–1970, and 1973). In one of those wars, the Suez Crisis of 1956, the army also struggled against the forces of Britain, and France.

The Egyptian army also engaged in the North Yemen civil war, and the brief Libyan-Egyptian War in July 1977. Its last major engagement was Operation Desert Storm, the liberation of Kuwait from Iraqi occupation in 1991, in this operation, the Egyptian army was the second-largest of the allied forces.

In 2014, the army had about 310,000 soldiers, approximately 90,000–120,000 of them are professionals, while the rest are conscripts.

Ranks and insignia[change | change source]

Commissioned officers[change | change source]

Commissioned Officer rank insignia of the Egyptian Army
Lieutenant First Lieutenant Captain Major Lieutenant Colonel Colonel Brigadier Major General Lieutenant General Colonel General Field Marshal
Arabic: ملازم Arabic: ملازم أول Arabic: نقيب Arabic: رائد Arabic: مقدم Arabic: عقيد Arabic: عميد Arabic: لواء Arabic: فريق Arabic: فريق أول Arabic: مشير
EgyptianArmyInsignia-Lieutenant.svg
EgyptianArmyInsignia-FirstLieutenant.svg
EgyptianArmyInsignia-Captain.svg
EgyptianArmyInsignia-Major.svg
EgyptianArmyInsignia-LieutenantColonel.svg
EgyptianArmyInsignia-Colonel.svg
EgyptianArmyInsignia-BrigadierGeneral.svg
EgyptianArmyInsignia-MajorGeneral.svg
EgyptianArmyInsignia-LieutenantGeneral.svg
EgyptianArmyInsignia-ColonelGeneral.svg
EgyptianArmyInsignia-FieldMarshal.svg

Enlisted personnel[change | change source]

Warrant Officer rank insignia Non-commissioned Officer rank insignia Enlisted rank insignia
First Warrant Officer Warrant Officer First Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Private
Arabic: مساعد أول Arabic: مساعد Arabic: رقيب أول Arabic: رقيب Arabic: عريف Arabic: جندى
EgyptianArmyInsignia-ChiefWarrantOfficer.svg
EgyptianArmyInsignia-WarrantOfficer.svg
EgyptianArmyInsignia-StaffSergeant.svg
EgyptianArmyInsignia-Sergeant.svg
EgyptianArmyInsignia-Corporal.svg

References[change | change source]

  1. International Institute for Strategic Studies (3 Feb 2014). The Military Balance 2014. London: Routledge. pp. 315–318. ISBN 9781857437225.

Further reading[change | change source]