Eid al-Adha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Eid al-Adha (‘Īdu l-’Aḍḥā)
Eid al-Adha (‘Īdu l-’Aḍḥā)
Eid al-Adha in Shanghai, China
Official nameArabic: عيد الأضحى‘Īdu l-’Aḍḥā
Also calledFestival of Sacrifice
Sacrifice Feast
Greater Eid
TypeIslamic
SignificanceCommemoration of Ibrahim's (Abraham's) willingness to sacrifice his son for Allah.
Begins10 Dhu al-Hijjah
Ends13 Dhu al-Hijjah
ObservancesPrayer, sacrificing a goat, sheep, cow or a camel, sending to poor people as a donation
Related toEid ul-Fitr, the other Islamic festival, which occurs on the first day of Shawal

Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى‘Īdu l-’Aḍḥā) "Festival " or "Greater Bairam" is a religious festival celebrated by Muslims all over the world. It is when Muslims sacrifice a goat, sheep, cow , camel,and bull sending part of the meat to poor people as a donation. It marks the end of the Pilgrimage hajj for the millions of Muslims who make the trip to Mecca each year and pray 5 times a day. They like to tell Allah what they are thinking and hope for him to help them, and remember Ibrahim and Ismael's courage and devotion to God.

Origin[change | change source]

The festival is to celebrate Ibrahim's (Abraham) willingness to sacrifice his son, Ishmael, because Allah told him to do so in a dream. At the final moment,as he was swinging his axe to kill his son God told an angel to switch a lamb instead of his son, and this act of sacrificing a lamb is copied by Muslims all over the world on Eid.

Ibrahim was tempted by Satan not to listen to God, and Ibrahim drove Satan away by throwing pebbles at him. This is also still commemorated by Muslims during Hajj.

Practices, traditions and observations[change | change source]

Eid prayer[change | change source]

The Eid prayer must be offered in congregation. It consists of two Rakaah (units) with seven Takbirs in the first Raka'ah and five Takbirs in the second Raka'ah.

Sacrifice[change | change source]

The sacrifice of an animal, usually a cow, sheep or a goat, is a very important part of Eid. The act repeats what Ibrahim did, and also shows Muslims' devotion to God (Allah).

Celebrations[change | change source]

Muslims celebrate by having a feast, and giving gifts to the poor. In some Muslim traditions gifts are also given to children. In Muslim countries the day is given as a national holiday.